What Does 'Philosophy' Mean?

Category: Glossary, Type: Education

The Meaing of Philosophy

Philosophy is a humanities subject that has ramifications in all areas of human knowledge and activity, as it deals with basic questions about the nature of reality, the opportunity of knowledge and existence of values. The philosophical activity is about thinking independently, critically and analytically about these issues as they are expressed in private life, social life, cultural life and science. To formulate and explain philosophical questions and to take a stand on them is the aim of philosophical activity.

Vocational Guide

The teaching of philosophy shall purpose at the students developing the ability to participate in an ongoing conversation about what reality is, about what we can realize for certain and about human existence and action. In teaching, students should be given the chance to develop their thinking in encounter with philosophy from various times and traditions, which can inspire them to see life in a broader perspective, give impulses to think in new directions and challenge ingrained notions. Students will also obtain to realize the importance of philosophy for cultural, political and scientific development.
The teaching should give students the chance to develop the ability to analyze and take a stand on various perceptions of reality plus various epistemological and scientific theoretical positions. It should also give students the chance to develop the ability to analyze and take a stand on existential, value-philosophical and current social-philosophical issues and theories. Students will be given the chance to develop tools for analyzing and assessing information and thereby develop critical and independent thinking plus the ability to make personal decisions based on well-thought-out arguments. Furthermore, students should be given the chance to develop the ability to perceive linguistic nuances and argue logically.
In the teaching, students will be allowed to work with philosophical questions and theories from various times and traditions which are conveyed by various media. Students should be given the chance to think, discuss and reason analytically and creatively around them.

Needed Career Skills

  • Knowledge of main features of various perceptions of reality and various ways of looking at knowledge.
  • Knowledge of scientific theoretical positions and scientific methods.
  • Knowledge of value philosophy, various value-theoretical positions and normative ethical theories and their application.
  • Knowledge of existential issues and social philosophy as well as modern philosophical directions.
  • Ability to recognize philosophical questions and to analyze, clarify and take a stand on classical and modern philosophical questions and theories with assist of relevant concepts.
  • Knowledge of language philosophy and ability to explain linguistic nuances with assist of language philosophical concepts plus the ability to assess arguments and to differentiate and implement a logical argumentation.

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Category: Glossary, Type: Education