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Job Enlargement

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Job "enlargement" refers to a term of human resources management defined as adding tasks to the duties of employees representing work at the same level of responsibility and skill. It's often called horizontal expansion of personnel management departments. Another way to describe this concept can be multitasking, when a person assumes responsibility for several jobs previously out of their description. Extending work usually saves the employer's money because additional employees are not necessary. It's also used as a tool to motivate workers.The practice of extending the work arose after studies demonstrated the number one complaint of employees that focused on boredom connected to the type of work they do. Give additional tasks to workers, human resources managers expect more interesting work, which could increase productivity and job satisfaction. It may include salary increases and employee benefits.

This management tool could be used during economic difficulties when companies reduce their size. An employee can see the enlargement of employment as an alternative to being laid off. He or she doesn't have a voice in the decision or control over the added functions.A worker in front of the enlargement of work could worry about keeping up with additional tasks and their job security.

Human resources departments often use two related tactics to motivate employees. Job rotation enables workers to perform other jobs and acquire new knowledge. In general, aggregate tasks don't increase the levels of responsibility, but expand the knowledge of the company's operations workers. Rotation at work could help workers understand how their tasks contribute to the success of the company. Training can also put employees online for promotions when they are available.

Work enrichment is often confused with the extension of work. The two concepts share similarities since both techniques increase the workload of an employee. Work enrichment, however, increases personal responsibility and is often called vertical enlargement. Assigns tasks to a manager to a lower-level employee to facilitate their growth and spark personal interest in the work of a supervisor.

This term of human resources focuses on motivating the employee to contribute ideas that benefit the company and make decisions based on their skills. Work enrichment programs are usually evaluated, which could motivate an employee to increase productivity.Sometimes, job enrichment improves morale and results less absenteeism than job expansion.

Disadvantages of this concept include the cost of employees training to take on management tasks. The cost can be compensated with less sales volume and increased productivity. In some companies, specially those with technical positions, it would not be feasible to transfer decisions to other employees.

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