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What is Included in a Contract of Employment

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Two copies of the employment contract are made, one for the worker and one for the employer. In general, the following contents are included in the employment contract:

1. Parts of the employment contract

Both the employer and the worker sign the employment contract.

2. Start date of the work activity

3. Specification about the indefinite or fixed duration character

The contracts are indefinite, unless otherwise agreed. This means that the employment relationship continues until one of the parties terminates the contract. The employer must assert a justification to fire the employee. The motivations that justify the dismissal are appraised and appear in the Labor Contracts Law. When the employment contract is of an indefinite type, it means that the employee has a permanent or permanent job.

A fixed-term employment contract implies that the start and end dates of the contract are agreed upon. Employment contracts may be of a fixed duration, provided there is a justification for this. Laws and collective agreements specify in an exhaustive manner the cases in which fixed-term contracts can be used.

The employment relationship may be of a fixed duration, for example, due to:

  • Substitution.
  • Practices.
  • By work or project.
  • For peak season.

When the contract is of a fixed duration, it means that it binds both parties for the duration of the contract, unless the possibility of terminating the contract has been foreseen. The fixed term contract is only expendable in cases of special relevance.

4. The trial period and its length

A trial period can be determined at the beginning of the employment relationship. In my country, the maximum duration of the trial period is six months. The trial period of a fixed term contract can't exceed half the duration of the contract. During the trial period, the employee has the opportunity to assess whether the job is suitable for him. In the same way, the employer can check the suitability of the worker for the entrusted task. During the probationary period, both the employer and the employee may terminate the contract without taking into account the notice periods for termination. The termination of the contract may not have discriminatory reasons. During the trial period, the worker receives the normal salary.

5. Work place

6. The tasks of the worker

7. Salary and salary payment

The salary is determined by the provisions of the collective agreement. In case the sector in question doesn't have a collective agreement, the worker will be entitled to an adequate salary. The employer may not pay a salary lower than the provisions of the collective agreement. The salary can include a series of supplements. Typical extras are the experience plus, overtime pay or shift work plus.

Generally, the accrual days of salary are one or two per month. The employer enters the salary into a worker's bank account. The worker has the right to receive a payroll broken down in which the different concepts that make up the salary are specified.

When talking about salary, it's generally meant gross salary (bruttopalkka), from which taxes and other charges must be subtracted. The remaining balance for the worker is the net salary (nettopalkka).

8. Working hours

The contract must include the regular work schedule. The work schedule must be in accordance with the provisions of the Work Schedule Law and the corresponding collective agreements.

9. Annual vacations and vacation salary

The worker has the right to receive during his vacations the same salary as during the work period. In addition, you'll be paid a vacation salary. The payment of the holiday salary is specified in the collective agreement. Once the contractual relationship is over, the worker has the right to be financially compensated for those vacation days that he hasn't enjoyed during the existence of the contract or that hasn't been compensated.

10. Term for termination of contract

Indefinite work contracts are terminated after the termination of the contract of the employer or employee. The term of termination of the contract is that time during which the worker must continue performing his work before finishing it. During the termination period, the worker continues to have the same obligations and rights and receives the same salary. In case the employer dismisses the worker, he must communicate the reason. The Labor Contracts Law specifies the causes for which a dismissal can be made.

11. Mention of the collective agreement that governs the contract

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