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What is Employment Law

Once an employer and an employee have entered into an employment contract, their relationship falls under employment law in a legal sense. All relevant laws and rules that fall within it then apply.

What is employment (labor) law?

Employment law consists of countless rules and laws, but in the end it means that the employer and employee are legally obliged to behave properly towards each other. Not that the law describes in detail how they should behave, but an employee can't, for example, just get fired. A number of requirements must be met for this.

Employee protection

The relationship between the employer and employee is never equivalent. Because employees used to be exploited on a large scale by employers, politics has drawn up a large number of laws and rules that everyone must adhere to. In this way the interests of the employee are safeguarded.


For example, the wage of the employee must always be at or above the statutory minimum. In addition, employees are entitled to a certain number of days off. Also, the employee may not just be fired if, for example, an employment dispute has arisen with the employer.


Although labor law imposes many limitations on the employer, it's a constant topic of political debate. Consider, for example, the relaxation of dismissal law and the raising of the retirement age. It's therefore a relatively dynamic area where the employer and employee constantly want to make adjustments to their own advantage.

Where is labor law described?

This right is described in various places in the law. But there are also various other legal regulations that belong to it. Examples are:

- Equal Treatment Act.
- Collective Labor Agreement Act.

In addition, many employment contracts are subject to collective agreements. These collective schemes apply to entire sectors within the labor market. These are also forms of employment law that both employers and employees have to deal with.

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