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What are the 4 Types of Resumes

There are several Curriculum Vitae types that will serve us to demonstrate the strengths we possess: our experience, our academic level, the languages ​​we dominate, and so on. If we are looking for work, the resume will include our cover letter, that is, our announcement, so that the company we want to work with is interested in our profile.

So it's not a waste of time to focus our efforts on making the resume flawless.

The different types of curricula

In each of the types of curricula, the same information it can be organized in very different ways. Depending on the structure, we will attach more importance to some aspects and not to others, and we will be able to take advantage of the different types of curricula to show what interests us most.

Below we present the different types of curriculum that you can use to prepare your resume, depending on how the information is organized.

4 Resume classes to know which one suits me best?

Let's start with the first resume (and also the most used one): the Chronological resume .

1. Chronological curriculum

This type of curriculum is the most traditional and is used because it emphasizes the professional career in an organized way. It's used to emphasize that progress has been made in a certain area and shows the sequence that has been followed during the professional and educational process. That's why the information is organized on the basis of the oldest achievements and the achievement of the most recent. Unlike the other types of resumes, stresses stability and the upward evolution of the career, and emphasizes promotion, the increase in tasks or the increase in the professional scale.

Strengths of the chronological resume

the chronological curriculum It should be used in the following situations:

  • If progress has been made in a field of work in a logical order and it seeks to promote or improve working conditions.
  • If you have had a stable professional career, without long stops that question the motivation for the position.
  • If you have only had a few jobs extensive experience in that field.
  • If you don't want to change the working line.
  • If you haven't achieved more than having worked in a prestigious company.

Disadvantages of the chronological resume

On the other hand, this curriculum also has its drawbacks:

  • Mark work changes as well as a lack of promotions or changed responsibilities.
  • Shows periods of inactivity.
  • It can demonstrate the lack of recycling or the lack of a formative update.

2. Functional (or thematic) curriculum

This type of curriculum Marks skills and it's useful if someone has had different experiences in areas with important competencies. Therefore, unlike the chronological resume, it doesn't show the time of permanence in the company, but rather the different functions that have been performed .

In this resume three to six functional areas are indicated in which work has been done. For example, if a person chooses a place as a receptionist in a hotel, the different job titles of his resume can be: tourist guide, customer service (working in a customer service office in a shopping center) and language teacher. This gives the recruiter information that he can be a good candidate for the position: he speaks languages, has worked face-to-face with the public and has worked in the tourist environment.

Strengths of functional resume

the functional curriculum It should be used in the following situations:

  • If you want to put emphasis on skills needed to perform a specific task and there is no experience in that sector.
  • If a person has been freelance and wants to go back to work for someone.
  • If you want to camouflage blank periods or inactivity.
  • If you want to remove dates and show adaptability to jobs before stability.
  • If you're looking for the first job or if you have a short work experience.
  • If one thinks it's age It can be a barrier.
  • Disadvantages of a functional resume

    The disadvantages of this curriculum format are:

    • It's not the usual presentation format, so recruiters can observe that information is hidden .
    • Gives no importance to the time period that has been in each position or company name.

    3. Mixed (or combined) curriculum

    the mixed curriculum or combined is a mix of the two previous types of curricula. It usually starts with a functional description of the skills or skills, followed by a chronological order of the trajectory of the individual. That's why format combines the strengths of the two types of previous resumes.

    Strengths of the mixed resume

    The mixed curriculum should be used if desired, highlighting experience and skills presented by the candidate according to the position he chooses. Moreover, this resume model isn't experienced negatively by some recruiters, because it shows periods of inactivity.

    Cons of the mixed resume

    Just like the other types of resume, mixed resume also has disadvantages:

    • You need a different curriculum for each position that you choose .
    • It's not suitable to present when they request standard forms.
    • By adding the chronological order, the moments of inactivity are also shown.

    In addition to this type of curriculum based on the organization of information, the curriculum can for example be presented with an artistic touch (if requested for a work related to art) or more formal (if requested for a job in an office). At present, even the use of Video Curriculum instead of the paper format.

    4. The video curriculum

    the Video Curriculum shows the candidate in a recording that it's not recommended to be longer than one minute (It's not convenient to last more than two minutes). This format is ideal for showing communication skills or active personality and dynamically, and opens communication channels such as visually, which aren't present in the written format. In addition, the video curriculum can incorporate creative elements such as projects, photos, etc.

    It also offers the opportunity to demonstrate professional skills, such as language skills or talent, or good presence or image. The video curriculum is an original way to present the application, although not all companies allow this format. Yet it's generally accepted in the audiovisual world or marketing.

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