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What are 3 Types of Interviews

Conducting an interview isn't always easy, specially for a beginner. But in reality, what is an interview? What are the different types? What strategy to adopt to drive it? How to succeed in your career as an interviewer? The following few lines attempt to answer these questions.

Around the term "interview"

An interview is a dialogue followed with one or more individuals. It connects two or more people in a well-defined place. The purpose of the conversation is to question and collect information on a given subject. The content is very rich. Sometimes the interview's answers are published in the media, print media, radio or television.

For the interviewee, this session allows people to discover a little more about their company, their expertise or their products. Through an interview, the image of a society is clearer to listeners and viewers. The respondent answers the questions in his own words, with a simple vocabulary, where the subject will be better understood by many. In addition, it can be said that this form of communication is inexpensive. But how to proceed to an interview?

The three different types of interviews

There are several types of interviews. The first is the background interview. In general, it's done as part of an investigation or report. The individual questioned may intervene to witness a phenomenon or an incident. The next type is the Q & A interview that looks like a conversation. It can be done live, on television or on the radio. Beforehand, the interviewee has already met the interviewer to discuss the progress of the session.

The portrait consists of talking about an inspirational or famous person in particular. It's about bringing out your personality. Sometimes, the entourage is also solicited. Information is collected from friends or relatives to draw the portrait. The following form of interview is the interview. It has the same principle as the second type, with the difference that the two parties speak for a longer or shorter period of time. The micro-sidewalk is the last form of interview. Generally, in this case, there is no production of information. It's made to passersby, sometimes in public places. The subject discussed may be the results of the presidential elections or the planned purchases for an upcoming festivity. Various ideas and opinions are received.

1. The directive interview

The directive interview is also called a directed or structured interview. This strategy involves questioning one or more people. It's therefore interrogatory. In order to complete the session, the interviewer must have thoroughly researched the subject. Because of this, he has a great knowledge of the subject to be treated. He asks the questions according to a well-defined order. As and when, this professional notes the answers of his interlocutor. Often, this practice is aggressive. Indeed, the expert sometimes refuses unsatisfactory answers or that go beyond the scope of the conversation. For this strategy, it's important to ensure that the topic addressed has been answered.

2. Non-directive interview

The non-directive interview, a free interview, is a very common strategy used in interviews. Unlike the directive interview, the interviewer is the least active during the dialogue. The person or persons who are interviewed are those who communicate the most. The interviewee isn't subject to a series of questions. He is leading the conversation. Very often, the purpose of this method is to collect information on a topic that's totally unknown to the general public. This strategy is mostly used with professionals such as lawyers and doctors.

3. The semi-directive interview

Semi-directive interview is also referred to as qualitative or in-depth interview. It's mainly practiced in the context of research in the humanities and social sciences. The interviewer asks open or closed questions that he didn't prepare in advance. Unplanned topics may suddenly appear during the conversation. In this technique, the respondent doesn't feel locked into many questions. Journalists are the ones who use this strategy the most. The three interview strategies each lead to their results. But regardless of the type of interview conducted, it's crucial to record the conversation using a microphone. This is necessary to be able to then transcribe the comments of the interlocutor.

How to start a career to interview?

The interviewing career is often attributed to the journalist. To succeed in this business, efforts must be made very early. If you're a student, it's for example suggested to write a newspaper for high school. During the holidays, it can be very rewarding to work for a local newspaper or a company working in this sector. In the absence of a profession related to this field, it's advisable to look for internships. And why not pursue journalism training? It's true that a degree in journalism isn't necessarily required to start this job. However, this journey is valuable to facilitate his entry into the world of journalism and to acquire the bases of this mission.

Some people don't hesitate to write articles and develop small interview sessions on a specific topic and then send them to the editor of a reputable newspaper. Still others create blogs and publish interview videos they have made. Don't forget the basics of video editing. The career of interviewing requires this skill. As a result, it's useful to acquire knowledge in video, photo and editing. If you have a tight budget and can not take training in this area, you can always go on the internet. Various tutorials offer courses on these topics. These are some important ways to start your career as a professional journalist and interviewer.

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