Tourism - Term Overview

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Tourism is the temporary and voluntary displacement of people. Within this concept, the human relationships that they entail and the provision of services must be included. While the reasons for tourism are varied, they are usually related to leisure.

Tourism is very important from a social, cultural and economic point of view. Thanks to tourism, investment in infrastructure constructions and buildings increases notably, it generates a higher level of development in the areas involved, the means of transport tend to be improved in terms of quality and frequency, as well as foreign exchange, Unemployment rates decrease notably, generating greater well-being in the affected communities.

From the cultural point of view it's very useful since it not only allows the appreciation of culture, traditions, geography, crafts and other aspects of members outside the community, but also allows the appreciation and awareness within the same community. Also in a means of cultural exchange, where people of diverse origins coexist and share ideas and customs.

Types of tourism

It should be noted that not all tourists have the same characteristics or objectives. Broadly speaking, four large groups can be defined:

  • Popular sectors: The first is made up of the popular sectors. They are made up of salaried workers. It's considered that in our country the promotion of tourism in these sectors began in the 1940s. Many times they obtain benefits from the State or other institutions in which they work. They tend to be rather short trips, exclusively for holiday purposes. There are usually no travel agencies involved, they are carried out on their own. Many times, accommodations created by the state are used and they don't usually vary the place of their stay.
  • Middle class: The second group is made up of people belonging to the middle class, that is, state workers, professionals and high-ranking employees. Generally they tend to mobilize by their own means, during vacation times. They use a large part of their savings on good quality services. The places visited are usually touristy and the stays are characterized by being short.
  • Upper class: The third group is made up of members of the upper classes. As they are sectors with the necessary means, many times they aren't limited to their countries of origin. In addition, their stays are usually long and they incur many expenses daily. They usually use various services such as tours that include guides or translators if they don't know the language. This type of trip is usually organized by travel agencies. The means of transport used by members of this group are usually fast.
  • Young boys: The fourth group is made up of young people, the vast majority of whom are students. It's for these tourists that many times other places to stay are designed such as hostels, shelters, etc. Even many young people choose to use the campsites. In addition, in certain countries, they enjoy privileges regarding the price of means of transport or food. These trips are usually very inexpensive and many choose spontaneity. In other words, they don't have a fixed destination but rather quickly change their place of stay. That is why neither agencies nor tourist guides are used.

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