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Sociology

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The sociology is a science devoted to the study of social groups (group of individuals who live grouped in various types of associations). This science analyzes the internal forms of organization, the relationships that the subjects maintain with each other and with the system, and the degree of cohesion existing within the framework of the social structure.

For example: "My son wants to study Sociology when he finishes high school, " "I saw a very interesting debate on sociology on TV last night, " "The president may be a great economist, but he knows very little about sociology. "

It could be said that sociology exists for a long time before it will be developed as a science or that its object of study will be delimited. In the fifth century BC, Herodotus dedicated himself to making complete descriptions of the customs and rituals of various peoples. Ibn Jaldun (1332-1406), meanwhile, was the one who proclaimed the notion of Ilm el Iytima (the science of society or of the social).

Auguste Comte, on the other hand, was in charge of shaping the concept of sociology, when in 1838 he presented his Positive Philosophy Course. Sociology was consolidated as an autonomous science only in the mid-nineteenth century. Already advanced the twentieth century, began to differentiate different schools and mainstream.

In this sense it's interesting to make a small parenthesis to establish that Sociology throughout history hasn't left indifferent. Hence, great thinkers of all time like the German Max Weber defined her as the science that's responsible for a very specific mission.

What he does for him is what he does is to face social action in order to be able to undertake the explanation causally, from a knowledge approach called interpretive, both its development and its effects.

Sociology can be studied from different methods: the qualitative one, which includes detailed descriptions and explanations of behaviors, situations and subjects, and which can also include the participants' account told by themselves; and the quantitative method, which is responsible for the variables that can be represented by numerical values ​​(numbers) and that allow to search for possible relationships through statistical analysis.

As for the main sociological paradigms, functionalism (which states that social institutions are collectively developed to meet the needs of society), Marxism (conflict theory), structuralism, symbolic interactionism and systems theory.


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