Political Science

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About Political Science

Political science is a social science that's dedicated to the study of political activity as a universal and necessary phenomenon. Political science is also responsible for developing State theory, the main form of social organization.

It's important to keep in mind that politics has always existed, so the reflections on its scope date back to antiquity. However, there are those who place the birth of political science in the sixteenth century, with the work of Nicolas Maquiavelo.

Nicolas Maquiavelo was a Florentine philosopher and politician who not only became a fundamental figure in the Renaissance but also a key person in the field of politics. And all thanks to a work he did in 1513 under the title "The Prince."

That's a work known today and a reference in many cases that its author wrote while he was incarcerated for having been accused of having carried out a conspiracy against the Medicci family. Specifically, due to this book, the Machiavellian term emerged that currently has a negative meaning and is that among the issues raised by it, it's established that any prince, leader, must carry out all the actions he considers, whatever they may be. and cause the damage they cause, because "the end justifies the means."

Hence, even Nicolas Maquiavelo establishes in this work that the prince must be authoritarian or that he must be feared by the population. Not forgetting that he also advises every ruler issues such as avoiding being hated, not raising taxes and never "touching" neither the assets nor the women of his subjects. In this way, he will manage to stay on his throne.

However, we can't ignore the existence of another series of authors who also left their important mark on political science. This would be the case of the English philosopher Thomas Hobbe, who absolutely defended political absolutism, or the Swiss Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who developed nationalist and republican theories.

As for the modern notion of political science, it arises from the nineteenth century, when liberal revolutions and industrial development led to great social changes that were analyzed by several thinkers.

Political science is currently responsible for analyzing the exercise of political power, state activities, public administration and management, political systems, the party regime and election processes, among many other issues.


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