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Pedagogy

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Pedagogy is the set of knowledge that's oriented towards education, understood as a phenomenon that belongs intrinsically to the human species and that develops in a social way.

Pedagogy, therefore, is an applied science with psychosocial characteristics that has education as the main interest of study.

In this regard, the aforementioned discipline is so important that for some years in all public schools 'in some countries' there is a pedagogue who isn't only responsible for supporting the work of teachers but also It helps students who need it in certain areas.

More specifically, this figure has clearly defined functions in any school or institute such as the following: guidance service and school organization, programming of specific methodologies, teacher advice, preparation of specific therapies, study techniques, diagnosis of the student...

It's important to emphasize that pedagogy draws on the contributions of various sciences and disciplines, such as anthropology, psychology, philosophy, medicine and sociology.

Anyway, it should be noted that there are authors who argue that pedagogy isn't a science, but that it's an art or a type of knowledge.

Many have been pedagogues who throughout history have raised their theories about education, however, among them all stand out figures such as Paulo Freire. This was an educator of Brazilian origin who has become a reference in this science.

Specifically, he established a series of twenty fundamental maxims in the field of Pedagogy from his point of view. We are referring, for example, that teaching always requires knowing how to listen, that we all always learn, or that studying isn't a process by which ideas are consumed but that studying is creating precisely those ideas.

However, along with this figure, we should highlight that of many other colleagues who, like him, have presented their theories and visions about this science based on education. This would be the case of Robert Gagne, Jurgen Habermas or Ivan Petrovich Pavlov.

Pedagogy can be categorized according to various criteria. There is usually talk of general pedagogy (linked to that which is broader in the field of education) or specific pedagogies (developed in different knowledge structures according to the events perceived throughout history).

It's important to distinguish between pedagogy as the science that studies education and didactics as the discipline or group of techniques that favor learning. Thus it can be said that teaching is just a discipline that's part of a broader dimension such as pedagogy.

Pedagogy has also been linked to andragogy, which is the discipline of education that's dedicated to training the human being permanently, at all stages of development according to their social and cultural experiences.


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