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Paleobotany is called the scientific discipline that's dedicated to the analysis of the remains of plants that were alive in ancient times. The fossils are the most important study material.

When, with the passage of time, a plant matter goes through a fossilization process, it petrifies. Usually its hardest parts are kept in good condition, while softer areas aren't usually maintained. Paleobotany works with these elements to generate knowledge about the investigated specimens.

Just as paleoanthropology (which focuses on the study of fossils to know the evolution of the human being) is referred to as human paleontology, paleobotany is often referred to as plant paleontology. Experts in this science - that is, paleobotanists - examine from seeds to fruits, through flowers, leaves, stems and the rest of the parts of a plant.

It's important to keep in mind that the flora we have today is a consequence of multiple events that occurred in the past. This evolution is explored by the Paleobotany, which must also pay attention to geological development, climate changes and other issues that affect the evolutionary process of plants.

Paleobotany studies different types. You can focus on taxonomy, anatomy, morphology and phytogeography, to name a few possibilities. It also points to the classification of species. Its objective, in general, is the integration of this knowledge to reconstruct the evolution of all vegetables.

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