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Organizational Psychology

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Organizational psychology is the discipline or branch of psychology oriented to the study of the behavior of people in the heart of an organization.

This means that organizational psychology analyzes how an individual behaves in an organization, which can be a company, a club or another type of entity. Thanks to this kind of studies, problems that affect personal and / or group level can be detected, improving the performance of the organization in question.

Organizational psychology is very important in the workplace. By understanding how a company works and taking into account the performance of each of the employees, improvements that benefit the whole can be promoted.

The objective of specialized psychologists in this branch is to know how an individual affects the rest and the organization in general, and how it affects the behavior of each individual. By acting on these interrelationships, it's possible to optimize different variables for the benefit of people and the organization.

Within a company, the organizational psychologist fulfills many tasks and functions, among which are the following:

* Organize, direct and plan any human activity that's carried out in the organization, as well as the relationships between the different workers, and this includes the responsibility of admitting, evaluating, compensating and dealing with the development of the workforce;

* When a problem arises that may threaten the work climate and, consequently, the development of the company, organizational psychology must act through the application of the behavioral and cognitive skills that are proper to find a solution. This is based on observation, description, analysis and diagnosis of the inconveniences in interpersonal relationships;

* Before conflicts appear, you should be aware of any negative signs to prevent them through different procedures, such as personal interviews, surveys or questionnaires that allow employees to express their concerns and suggest improvements;

* Out of the problems between people, organizational psychology must also detect any factor that negatively influences the performance of workers and alert the superiors if it considers necessary to carry out certain changes to ensure the achievement of the company's objectives;

* The image of the company is another aspect that depends in part on the organizational psychologist, since it's closely linked to the human component. For this reason, you should also be responsible for observing and analyzing all the factors that may affect the public's perception and suggest the relevant strategies;

* Physical health is as relevant to organizational psychology as psychic, since both are related and depend on each other. This entails the responsibility of pointing out any anomaly in the machinery or the structure of the building, among other elements of the organization, that may affect the integrity of the workers;

* In addition to dealing with the internal reality of the company, you must ensure that consumers obtain the products and services they want, through qualitative studies and proposals focused on improving communication with the public.


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