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Mycology

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It's called mycology to the science devoted to the study of fungi. A fungus, meanwhile, is a living being of heterotrophic nutrition whose reproduction develops through spores.

Mycology concentrates on these organisms that live on decomposing organic substances, such as parasites or in symbiosis. The origins of this discipline can be traced centuries before Christ, although the first scientific investigations are much more recent and date back to the 16th century.

The collection of fungi as food by the human being began in prehistory. Several peoples believed that fungi were sacred and even some considered them as a meal of divinities and monarchs.

The Agaricus bisporus, known as Champignon, is one of the most popular edible mushrooms. Truffles are also highly valued, as members of a mushroom genus are called. In the field of food, mycology is key since their knowledge allows to distinguish between those species that can be consumed and those that are toxic.

It's important to note that, with the discovery of disorders and conditions that, in people and animals, causes interaction with certain fungi or their intake, medical mycology emerged. This branch of medicine analyzes the incidence of fungi on health, which can include everything from poisoning to infections.

Mycology, on the other hand, also examines hallucinogenic mushrooms. These organisms have psychoactive substances that modify the functioning of the central nervous system and can cause hallucinations, among other phenomena.


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