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The mineralogy is a scientific specialization that focuses on the analysis of minerals. A mineral, meanwhile, is an inorganic substance that can be found inside the crust of the Earth or on the surface of the planet.

Considered as an area of geology, mineralogy is dedicated to the study of the chemical and physical properties of minerals. It's important to keep in mind that these solids are used by humans for the development of numerous industrial activities thanks to their components.

According to its specific object of study and its application, mineralogy can be divided into several branches. So we may speak of General mineralogy, economic mineralogy, optical mineralogy, descriptive mineralogy, etc.

In its broadest sense, mineralogy investigates the structure and general characteristics of minerals, allowing their classification. It also considers how these substances are formed, what are the appropriate techniques for their exploitation and how they can be used.

Another section of interest for mineralogy is the historical, cultural and social events linked to mineral deposits. Many villages have long subsisted thanks to mineral-related activities.

An expert in mineralogy studies the hardness, brightness, color and weight of minerals, among other aspects. Hardness, for example, is measured according to the so-called Mohs scale. With the contributions of these specialists, it's possible to know if a mineral will be broken by applying a certain tension or determining its resistance against scratches, to mention two possibilities.

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