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The microbiology is the scientific specialty dedicated to studying microbes. A microbe or microorganism, on the other hand, is an organism that can only be detected by a microscope.

It can be said, therefore, that microbiology is focused on the analysis of living beings of such a small size that they can't be seen with the naked eye. That's why this discipline requires the use of microscopes, which are instruments that allow us to expand what has been observed to visualize what the human eye can't detect on its own.

Those skilled in microbiology study both unicellular organisms such as prokaryotes and eukaryotes without cell differentiation. The viruses and bacteria, therefore, are part of your field of interest.

Linked to areas of medicine such as epidemiology and immunology, microbiology is of great importance for health but, in turn, still has a long way to go. Although the advances in technology in recent centuries are notorious, it's believed that only 1% of the microbes found in the biosphere have been studied.

For a long time the human being made inferences, deductions and speculations about the effects generated by microbes, even before knowing they existed. Issues such as the spread of diseases or fermentation in the production of alcoholic beverages were explained by supernatural or non-scientific theories, such as the application of miasmas. Finally, the development of microbiology allowed to verify the exact functioning of multiple processes.

It should be noted that in microbiology it's possible to recognize several areas oriented to specific studies. Among them we can name mycology ( fungi ), virology ( virus ) and bacteriology ( bacteria ), for example.

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