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The hydrogeology is the branch of geology focused on the analysis of groundwater, specially studying how to take advantage. Their contributions are key to determining how to provide water to the populations.

It's important to remember that geology is the science that specializes in the origin, nature, development and current configuration of the earth globe. The hydro- prefix, meanwhile, refers to water.

Taking up the concept of hydrogeology (or underground hydrology ), it's responsible for investigating how and where groundwater arises. It also investigates its links with the ground; examine its properties and its state; and inspects its circulation.

Beyond contributing to the use of groundwater by humans, hydrogeology also provides important knowledge about pollution and helps to understand the life cycle of different chemical elements.

Since the Antiquity the Homo sapiens tried to understand the hydrogeological mechanisms. Since subsistence without access to water is impossible, man always set out to observe nature to find this vital resource, trying to determine how to access it. The collection of springs and the construction of galleries and wells, in this framework, were among the facts that led little by little to the development of hydrogeology.

It can be said, in short, that hydrogeology is a scientific discipline whose object of study is the stored and circulating waters inside the Earth. Its birth is associated with the search for groundwater for its exploitation, although over time it incorporated other interests, such as the treatment of environments affected by the contamination of these waters.

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