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The historiography is the discipline focused on the analysis of history. It's a series of theories and techniques that are linked to the study and interpretation of historical facts.

The concept of historiography is also used to name the group formed by works of a historical nature and the critical and bibliographic study of the texts that revolve around history.

It's important not to confuse history with historiography. The story is the past in itself and the narration of the important events that took place in it. Historiography, on the other hand, is the methods and knowledge used to describe historical events. That's why it's often said that historiography is the science of history.

Another concept related to these terms is that of historiology. In this case, the idea refers to epistemology: that is, to a theory of history. In its etymology we find the terms research and information, the idea of ​​«acquiring knowledge through research», or «studying the facts of the past to learn».

Although historiology is closely linked to historiography, among other disciplines, its function is to analyze and describe the events of history using certain techniques specifically designed to collect and study records, data and samples.

Taking up the notion of historiography, it allows considering the methods used by historians, their object of study and their interests. It's known as historiographic currents to the predominant trends at different times to tell the story. Positivism, revisionism and historical materialism are examples of historiographic trends.

The historiography, in short, is dedicated to studying the ordering of events in the narratives of the story, analyzing its logical structure and the cause and effect links. It also investigates the style of historical texts to assess whether they achieve their persuasive or informative objectives.

Having said all this, it's logical that one of the most important stages in the practice of this discipline is the obtaining and treatment of sources. Historians rely on material or written testimonies to carry out their investigations, which consist of a detailed study of historical sources in order to understand the events and the context in which they are located.

Talking about historiography is the same as referring to the set of documents that historians write about a period of history or a particular subject. In other words, this term can be used as a synonym for "historiographic production"; For example, it's possible to say that "we don't have enough historiography about daily life in the Roman Empire." The main difference between this material and the one they use as the basis of their work is that the latter remains as part of the vestiges of each era, without the intention of being found.

The amount of information concerning an era, a topic or a historical fact that scholars have written and made available to people, therefore, is also known as historiography. It's important to note that the lack of such a historical source isn't usually due to the relevance of the facts themselves, but because historians haven't dedicated their efforts to documenting them.

Another meaning of the word historiography refers to the set of historians of the same origin.

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