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The ethnology is a science that keeps a close link with ethnography. While ethnography is responsible for making a description of cultures, ethnology starts from that data to guide the comparative analysis of cultural expressions and their origins.

What ethnology does is to develop a systematic study of cultures and then compare them, looking for links and dissidents. Among the issues investigated by ethnologists are religious rituals, family structures, economic practices and political organization.

With their comparisons, ethnology allows us to know how they are alike and how the ways of acting and thinking differ from the different ethnic groups, both in the present and in the past. Because of its characteristics, there are thinkers who argue that ethnology is, in reality, a discipline that's part of the field of anthropology: science centered on the social, cultural and biological features of the human being.

It's important to highlight that culture is understood as the set of practices that allow the organization of society and the link between people and nature. Each individual, as a social being, learns these practices in context. Ethnology is dedicated to the comparison of these processes and their manifestations through language, clothing, tools, art, etc.

Currently there are several ethnological museums that reveal different cultural habits through recordings, photographs and objects. Ethnology, in this way, contributes to the knowledge of other life forms.

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