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Dialectology is called the analysis of dialects. A dialect, meanwhile, is a linguistic variety that doesn't have the language category.

It's important to mention that dialect and language (or language ), however, are somewhat diffuse concepts of limits. A language is a verbal communication system that usually has writing and is typical of a human group. In general, a dialect is considered to arise from some kind of variation of a language.

Dialectology, in this framework, studies the varieties or linguistic modalities that are detected in a community, comparing them. Variations can be classified into four large groups: social, geographic, stylistic and historical.

According to dialectology, the social variations of a language are linked to the characteristics of each social class when speaking. The geographical variations, meanwhile, have to do with the linguistic elements used by region, while the stylistic variations are associated with the different situations that people face. The historical variations, finally, are due to changes that occur over time or according to age.

In a broad sense, it can be affirmed that a dialect is a subdivision of a language. Dialectology is responsible for considering these structures, detecting common points and differences.

Linguistic variation is the object of study of dialectology, whose approach is interdisciplinary because it allows the use of multiple methodologies. Keep in mind that variations can be investigated from various points of view.

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