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A first approach to the definition of communication can be made from its etymology. The word derives from the Latin communicare, which means "to share something, to share". Therefore, communication is a phenomenon inherent in the relationship that living beings maintain when they are in a group. Through communication, people or animals obtain information about their environment and can share it with the rest.

The communicative process involves the emission of signals (sounds, gestures, signs, etc.) with the intention of spreading a message. For communication to be successful, the recipient must have the skills that allow him to decode the message and interpret it. The process is then reversed when the receiver responds and becomes a sender (with which the original sender becomes the receiver of the communicative act).

In the case of human beings, communication is an act of psychic activity, which derives from thought, language and the development of psychosocial relationship capacities. The exchange of messages (which can be verbal or nonverbal ) allows the individual to influence others and in turn be influenced.

Among the elements that can be distinguished in the communicative process, is the code (a system of signs and rules that are combined with the intention of making something known), the channel (the physical medium through which the information is transmitted), the sender (who wishes to send the message) and the receiver (to whom it's addressed).

Communication can be affected by what is called noise, a disturbance that hinders the normal development of the signal in the process (for example, sound distortions, speaker aphonia, defective spelling).

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