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The agroecology is the organic farming: the development of crops taking into account the processes of ecology. The idea of ​​ecology, meanwhile, refers to the study of living beings as members of an ecosystem, emphasizing the links they maintain with the environment and with each other.

What agroecology does is consider ecological processes when establishing an agricultural production system. In this way, it focuses on the care of the environment and analyzes the social consequences of its activity.

While traditional agriculture is usually based on high energy consumption and intensive land use, agroecology understands that the land to be cultivated and its environment constitute an ecosystem. By paying attention to all components and taking them as a unit, it favors the sustainability of practices.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations ( FAO ), agroecology is both a scientific discipline (analyzes the interactions between system components) and a social movement (seeks to generate economic benefits for rural communities and strengthen their cultural identity) and a set of actions (for the optimization of production). It's a way of relating the knowledge of science and traditional knowledge to generate food in a sustainable way.

Agroecology, in short, is based on how people, animals, plants and the environment interact. Its solutions, which are always local or regional, point to the use and maintenance of biodiversity, using natural energy (which comes from water, the sun, etc.), recycling biomass and minimizing waste, among other issues.

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