Rights and Duties


In this article we will deal with the basic rights and and essential duties defined by a law in most class 'A' countries "please check the law in your countries, the following are examples only".

Basic Rights of Workers:

  • All people have the right to work and to be able to freely choose the profession or trade they want to perform.
  • The right to free syndication
  • The right to collective bargaining
  • The possibility of adopting collective conflict measures
  • The right to strike
  • The right to meet
  • The right to receive information, consult and actively participate in the company

Apart from these basic rights, there are others that have to do with day to day work such as:

  • The right to effective occupation
  • The right to promote yourself in the workplace and access to professional training. This includes all the training aimed at the possible adaptations of the job and the development of training plans and actions that are carried out to maximize employability.
  • The right not to be discriminated against for employment to be developed, either directly or indirectly (this also includes not being discriminated once the job has been obtained).
  • Protection of physical integrity. This implies that the workplace complies with the necessary conditions of safety and hygiene, that is, that it complies with the regulations in force in this area, that the corresponding protective material is given to the workers, that they are adequately informed about the risks or dangers of the work to be developed, etc.
  • Another essential right is respect for the privacy of the worker and the preservation of his dignity. No employee may be harassed for any reason, Specially for the reasons set forth as grounds of discrimination and, if it occurs, the company must take the necessary measures to put an end to that situation.
  • Every worker has the right to promptly collect his salary, either the one legally established by collective agreement or the one agreed in the employment contract.
  • The right to exercise individually the actions derived from the employment contract.

Job Duties

While there are a number of basic rights, it is important to remember that there are also duties that must be fulfilled by workers. These job duties consist of:

  • Comply with the obligations arising from the job, and act in good faith with the company.
  • Comply in a responsible manner with the corresponding safety and hygiene measures. For example, if you have to wear personal protective equipment or comply with a series of basic protocols. Since complying with them can endanger both the worker and others.
  • Comply with the orders and instructions of superiors. Not to concur with the activity of the company, at least in the terms established by the Law.
  • Try to contribute, as far as possible, to the improvement of business productivity, which implies trying to always act responsibly for the proper functioning of the company
  • The duties arising from the employment contract itself.

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