Sociology Career


Overview About Sociology Career

The career of Sociology trains professionals capable of interpreting the phenomena of society, designing action strategies and carrying out social policies that benefit citizens.

The study of Sociology allows to investigate and analyze society from a cultural, economic and political perspective in a historical context.

The graduate researches the current trends to plan and implement modifications in public or private sectors, study how the power groups and the State in the international relations of their country are related.

Sociology aims to understand that people act to a large extent according to the needs of the community in which they find themselves, with social interaction being the link between the facts and the history of a society.

The sociologist uses interview techniques to obtain information, analyze and draw conclusions, participate in academic research, implement urban programs in all sectors of the population, have knowledge in statistics to evaluate the data collected and seek to generate constant changes in various areas of society.

The Sociologist can work in public or private organizations, both in health, social and educational services, as well as aspects related to justice, in consultancies, in human resources departments or international relations, in universities and in non-governmental organizations.

The sociology course lasts five years and is aimed at people with a desire to improve the growth of the citizen in society.

Advantages and disadvantages of studying Sociology

The advantages:

- Possibility of analyzing and improving the welfare of society.
- Know the historical context of the past that led us to the present.
- The career provides knowledge to understand the changes of a country and the world.
- Improves social relationships, decreasing prejudices and valuing empathy.
- It provides capabilities to interpret observations.

The disadvantages:

- Long-term career
- It requires a lot of reading.
- Requires knowledge in various legal areas.
- The first step to enter the world of work is complex.
- Needs a lot of discipline and patience in the search for information.

What types of companies do they hire in the social sector?

The professionals of the social sector find work in very different realities: first of all they work in hospitals, clinics and schools, both public and private.

There are also therapeutic communities, reception centers, family counseling centers, nursing homes, day centers, rehabilitation centers, home care services.

In the field of Social it has also activated a large number of organizations non-profit, voluntary organizations, social promotion, foundations and non-governmental organizations, local and international.

These are organizations made up mostly of volunteers, with a limited number of structured professionals: however, many job offers in the Social sector (especially for educators, cultural mediators, operators for assistance to the elderly) come from the third sector.

Social - Job prospects in the sector

An increase in the demand for personnel in the Social sector is expected, especially as regards assistance to the elderly, minors and immigrants.

In particular, the progressive aging of the population determines an increasing need for specialized operators in the assistance and care of the elderly.

Other social sectors that are destined to grow are welfare and support services in the school environment, social welfare services at home, carried out in coordination with the health area staff, and the whole field of recovery and social reintegration activities of disadvantaged people (unemployed, homeless, people with addictions, former prisoners).

Finally, many professionals in the social sector work in public structures and services (local, regional or state), an area in which employment trends depend directly on political decisions relating to the use of public money.

What skills are needed to work in the social sector?

Communication and relational skills

The situations in which a social professional is involved on a daily basis are very varied, but all require great relational skills combined with the ability to modulate one's communication style based on people and contexts: for example, disabled people or minors in difficulty, in the context of of an individual or group therapy...

Mediation skills

The ability to mediate, together with the propensity to active listening, is another characterizing trait of professionals working in the social sector. In fact, they often find themselves managing situations of hardship and conflict, which they must try to resolve by mediating between different needs and positions, making the best use of all the resources available.

Knowledge of languages

For some professionals in the social sector, knowledge of foreign languages ​​is a fundamental skill: for example, to intervene in situations of social hardship within linguistic minorities, as well as to operate effectively as a cultural mediator.


Knowing how to approach cases with the right degree of empathy is a great way to better understand the situations and people you are confronted with. However, an excess of emotional involvement in work can be harmful and counterproductive, so it's necessary to know how to be empathetic while staying within the limits of professionalism.

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