Security Career


Overview About the Security Career

The Security career includes professionals who, in various capacities, are involved in ensuring the safety of people and property, preventing crimes and accidents, and increasing the sense of protection of citizens.

This category includes, for example, police officers and security guards, doormen, installers of anti-theft systems, experts in occupational safety.

Some of the main areas in which the Security sector is divided are:

  • Surveillance services, which include for example bodyguards, wardens on duty at banks, shops and shopping centers, doormen, security guards escorting armored vehicles and security vehicles, customs officers on duty at borders, night surveillance at offices, construction sites and parking lots
  • Investigation services, public and private, aimed at solving crimes of all kinds, from crimes against people to crimes against property, from cyber attacks to tax fraud
  • Services related to security systems such as anti-theft, fire prevention and other security and risk prevention systems (also at an industrial level), which require technical personnel for their installation, management and maintenance
  • The Armed Forces, in charge of public safety and defense of the state, also belong to the Security sector.

The training required to work in this sector is very varied: most of the job offers require the possession of a higher degree and experience in the field, while others may require a degree, as in the case of professions related to cyber security.

In addition, special licenses are often required (such as firearms ) and certifications that enable the profession.

What types of companies do they hire in the security sector?

Many security professionals are employed by the various state police forces.

However, there is a thriving job market related to private security: companies looking for staff are mainly private security institutions, security agencies and services of Bodyguard, companies offering bouncer and security services on premises, detective agencies, but also companies specialized in the installation and maintenance of security, anti-theft and fire prevention systems (in buildings for civil, commercial and industrial use).

In some situations, on the other hand, the presence of internal personnel responsible for the safety and protection of things and people is envisaged: for example with regard to concierge services and night surveillance in industries and production plants, condominiums and buildings, offices, hotels, construction sites and night clubs.

Furthermore, safety and risk prevention are an important issue within industrial production plants and in general in all workplaces. Many companies therefore hire safety managers and HSE Managers ( Health, Safety, Environment ) or use specialized consultants for monitoring the safety of production sites and for organizing health control and surveillance activities.

Security - Job prospects

The employment trends in the sector are positive. In general, the demand for security by private individuals has increased, as has the expenditure on services in this sector.

This causes a growth in job offers for security personnel: from bodyguards for VIPs to security services for events, from theft prevention services in shops to concierge and access control.

A particularly dynamic sector is related to information security ( cyber security ): in parallel to the deployment of network internet and the recent development of the ' Internet of Things (IoT) in fact the have multiplied attacks hackers, using ransomware and other types of software malicious.

Consequently, investments increase to develop tools and technological solutions to protect data, maintain IT security and prevent violations and unauthorized access to the information system. There are therefore excellent career prospects for experts in this field.

What skills are needed for the security career?

There are some skills that are transversal to most of the security services staff, for example:

Physical force

Excellent physical shape, strength and endurance are necessary to be able to effectively carry out their duties as a security guard: for example, those who work in surveillance often have to stand for hours, or carry out continuous patrols. Furthermore, the demonstration of physical strength is useful as a deterrent, even if there is no need to actually use it.

Knowledge of regulations

The security sector is closely linked to that of law. The boundaries of legality and crime are precisely regulated by laws, regulations and regulations that those who work in Security must know and scrupulously respect.


Security officers must be ready to carry out their work with a sense of duty, to safeguard the safety of things and people in custody. An always attentive and vigilant attitude, confidentiality and honesty are other personal qualities in great demand.


In the Security sector, unforeseen situations and accidents can occur that require rapid intervention: the spirit of initiative and the ability to make decisions independently must therefore be part of the characteristics of candidates who wish to work in this field.

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