Science Career


Overview About the Science Career

The Science sector includes a variety of disciplines: mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology (belonging to the so-called " STEM " group - Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics ), but also social sciences.

In each of these areas there are various fields of specialization: for example, molecular biology, genetics, ecology, botany, materials science, nuclear physics, cultural anthropology, political economy and many others.

In general, sciences can be considered from two points of view: theoretical and applied (or experimental). Theoretical science deals with abstract concepts and the elaboration of science theories, while experimental science deals with the practical application of such concepts, using science knowledge to solve practical and research problems, develop new technologies and innovative applications.

The scientists and engineers of Sciences is therefore mainly concerned with study and research, and then use the search results to make positive contributions to the economy and society.

Thanks to the research and development activities carried out by chemists, biologists, physicists, mathematicians, psychologists, economists and linguists, new patents are registered every year, which allow the industry to create technologies and applications that have a positive impact on life, health and the environment.

For example, science discoveries help improve energy production and conservation techniques, support agriculture and food production, reduce the impact of human activities on the environment, invent new materials, improve diagnosis. and the treatment of diseases, to better understand social dynamics and human communication.

In addition to research personnel, other professionals engaged in various support activities also work in the science sector: for example laboratory technicians and assistants, personnel with administrative-accounting functions, employees in the marketing of research results, etc.

What types of companies do they hire in the science sector?

Many scientists, researchers and technicians work in industry, where they are mainly involved in research and development, and in universities and research institutes, where they teach and do research.

Firms mainly finance applied research and experimental development, while basic research is carried out mainly in universities and public or private research centers.

Among the companies, those that invest most in R&D belong to the information and communication technology, chemical-pharmaceutical and health sectors, to the automotive and energy sectors, to the aerospace and defense sectors.

In addition, science and social science graduates work in schools, where they teach, but they can also find work in analytical laboratories, consulting firms, international organizations, public bodies and government agencies.

Science - Job prospects

The job offers in the Science sector are very varied, and career opportunities are expected to continue to grow in parallel with the development and expansion of the technical and industrial applications of science discoveries.

The demand for chemists, biologists and experts in life sciences is destined to increase, for example in the field of agriculture and food, due to the need to guarantee safe and efficient food production to a growing human population, or in the field of biotechnology, where a better understanding of human DNA opens up new avenues for drug research and disease treatment.

Employment growth for physicists, scientists and engineers is also expected in the energy industry, thanks to advances in smart grid technologies and the trend to develop environmentally friendly and sustainable energy generation methods.

The career prospects are generally positive for those who study the disciplines applied mathematics as statistics, engineering or computer: the greatest opportunities lie in the field of programming and software development, engineering design and technical advice.

As for social scientists, vacancies are concentrated in universities, government agencies, management consulting firms. There are also interesting career opportunities in the field of market research, linguistics applied to software programming, consultancy and cultural mediation (both for businesses and non-profit organizations ), in the field of international relations.

What skills are needed for the science career?

As in many fields, even in the science sector the best opportunities are aimed at the most qualified workers. The most requested skills in job offers are naturally technical, including:

Data analysis skills

Science works focus on research and data analysis, using the "basic language" of science, mathematics. The ability to analyze data (and big data ), to organize and interpret them is therefore necessary for a career in all science sectors, both in research and in industry, since today almost every decision and business activity relies on data.

Competence in the use of science instruments

Every professional in the science sector works using very sophisticated instruments, from microscopes to particle accelerators, including all laboratory equipment. These devices serve many different purposes: making measurements and measurements, performing calculations and laboratory tests. It's therefore necessary that researchers and scientists have a thorough knowledge of science instrumentation and know how to use it in all its technical potential.

Project management

The ability to manage a project is essential in all technical and science fields. Projects led by a scientist who is a good Project Manager are managed more efficiently, are more likely to succeed and the best chances of finding funds, and funding for the future. For a researcher, having skills in project management is a big plus in the CV, which significantly increases the career opportunities.

Read more articles in our blog.

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn
Back to top

Home | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use

Copyright 2011 - 2022 - All Rights Reserved