Mechanical Engineering Career

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Overview About Mechanical Engineering Career

The career of Mechanical Engineering trains trained professionals to apply technology to the design of various objects, working on themselves, in the operation of each one.

Mechanical Engineering professionals are responsible for using the elements of physics and apply them to what is related to mechanical systems, both in its outline, as well as in its operating processes and future arrangements. The basis of the work of this branch of engineering is energy, heat, strength, mass; knowledge that's articulated and together with the mechanical engineer are put at the service of the design for the realization of a specific team.

The career of Mechanical Engineering offers a course of approximately six years, where concepts of engineering are offered and are mixed with what it does to the application of mechanics. Some subjects are major for all professionals and are related, as we said before, with physics. This type of careers also relies on calculation, mathematical analysis and also on notions of algebra. You can also take subjects that guide the student to the knowledge about motors and specific mechanical equipment, as well as mentioning some topics that are linked to the economy and the legislation that needs to be known about this topic. Materials of mechanical design, fluid mechanics, heat technology are important.

Mechanical engineers are sometimes hired to perform industrial skills, either by some inconvenience in a machine or by an accident that has arisen, they must check if it was due to malfunction or could have been a human error. They can also focus on research seeking a technical innovation in the market.

The professionals have the knowledge and skills necessary to design machinery that helps and facilitates work in different types of industries. On the other hand, the graduates of the Mechanical Engineering career can be leaders of a project and be able to be in the direction of a specific construction in the public domain, for example. They can also dedicate themselves to the installation of different specialized machines or energy systems. At the same time, mechanical engineers can dedicate themselves to teaching and continue with the training of new professionals who can carry out the tasks demanded of them in the industrial world.

What types of companies do they hire in the Mechanical Engineering Sector?

The jobs in the Engineering industry come from different companies: engineering industries, factories, machine shops, body shops, businesses that deal with mechatronics, board installation and maintenance mechanics, car manufacturers, companies in the sector rail, marine and aviation.

The size of companies can vary significantly: from large production plants of multinational companies, to small mechanical workshops that employ a small number of workers.

Mechanical Engineering - Job prospects

There are many jobs in the mechanical sector, especially in the industrial sector: in fact, in industry there is a massive use of machinery and machine tools, automated (CNC) or traditional.

The machines have been implemented to replace the manual work and to make the most economic and efficient industrial processes: the development of new technologies, electronic and computer applications for machine control, and automation and distribution of industrial robots is revolutionizing the entire industry. Repetitive, heavy or dangerous processes are increasingly entrusted to automated machinery, as well as processes that require extreme precision.

Therefore, the operators are required above all skills in the programming and setting of machinery and in the surveillance of the work: a tendency is to seek less manpower, but more qualified.

Even those involved in the design, installation and maintenance of mechanical machinery must adapt to technological evolution: more and more often, together with mechanical skills, electrical, electronic and IT skills are necessary in order to have solid career prospects in the Mechanical sector.

What skills are needed for the Mechanical Engineering career?

While they all work on the machines, the skills of the employees of the Mechanical sector are different depending on the actual tasks to be performed: whoever designs a mechanical component needs different knowledge and skills than the worker who assembles and maintains it. component.

However, there are skills that are transversal to all professional figures in the Mechanical sector:

Mechanical knowledge

The knowledge of the functioning of machinery unites mechanical professionals. However, the level of in-depth analysis necessary to carry out the different jobs varies considerably: if the mechanical knowledge of an industrial worker can be limited to the operation of the machine tool he is assigned to, in order to use it appropriately and be able to intervene in cases of minor failures, very the knowledge of who designed, built and assembled that machine must be deeper.

These different levels of competence are also reflected in the training required for the various positions: industrial machinery operators are often asked for technical-professional training, while designers are asked for specific academic training (for example a degree in Mechanical Engineering).

Mechanical drawing

The designer of a mechanical component and the operator of the machine tool that produces it, the installer who assembles it and the maintenance worker who repairs it: all these professionals to carry out their work refer to the mechanical technical drawing, a tool which allows you to provide all the information relating to a specific object - function, shape, size, processing, material.

The ability to read mechanical drawing (lines, symbols and other conventional indications) must therefore be a common skill in the various professions in the mechanical sector.

Furthermore, those involved in design must also know the computer programs that are used to carry out the technical drawing (CAD software).

Analytical skills and problem solving

Most of the workers in the Mechanics sector find themselves having to solve problems: it can be a prototype that doesn't achieve the expected results, an installed machinery that doesn't work as it should, a vehicle with engine problems, a faulty industrial machinery. The mechanical professional must therefore have the analytical skills necessary to identify the causes of the problem through tests and diagnostics, and to define the interventions useful to solve the problem.

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