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Laboratory Material

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In the field of research, the concept of laboratory material is used to refer to the one used in different types of laboratories and which is composed of various instruments that fulfill certain functions.

It should be previously defined that a laboratory is a physical space where research is developed around a precise topic to expand the knowledge that a particular science or phenomenon has on a given science.

In a laboratory the materials must be of good quality because there will be research that, in many cases, is of vital importance to expand knowledge in a specific area of ​​science; therefore, the place where they are located must be appropriate, have adequate ventilation and lighting and the instruments and materials that make the normal operation of the place conducive.

The laboratory material can be constructed with very varied components, from glass to wood through rubber, metal and plastic. The characteristics of the material will depend on its function, since the handling of certain products involves risks.

Among the most common tools that are included in the laboratory material, are the flasks (a container with measurements), the pipette, the test tube, the test tube, the bohemian vessel, the crystallizer, the funnel, the vessel precipitates and the lighter.

Classification of laboratory equipment

Laboratory material can be subdivided into various classifications according to function. Thus they can be: materials to combine substances, materials to measure volumes or materials to support other instruments.

Those materials used to combine different substances and expose them to chemical changes must be constructed with special and resistant components; It's normal to hear the commercial names of Pyrex or Kimax when referring to laboratory materials, and they are the most recommended internationally if you want to set up a new laboratory. Among these materials are the test tube, the flat bottom flask and Erlenmeyer the beaker, among others.

The materials used to measure volumes make up the volumetric material. Typically, these components are constructed with glass as they favor the observation of what it houses, but they can also be made of transparent plastic; In either case they are graduates. Among these materials are the test tube, the pipette, the burette and the volumetric flask. An alternative within the volumetric material, however, is the colorless (transparent) plastic: it's cheaper and helps avoid certain chemical reactions that do occur with glass.

Other types of materials are those used for support and support, which are used to contain other instruments used in the laboratory. These materials are made of metal, with the exception of the rack that's usually made of wood or plastic. Among these materials are the crucible tongs, the porcelain triangle and triangle and the test tube rack.

There are other materials also used in the laboratory, such as the alcohol lamp, the funnel, the mortar with pistil, the combustion spoon, or the hydropneumatic tank, among many more.


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