Mining - Term Overview

Home | Mining - Term Overview

Mining is an economic activity that allows the exploitation and extraction of minerals that have accumulated in the soil and subsoil in the form of deposits.

Mining can also refer to the group of people who work in the mines.

Mining is part of the economic activities of the primary sector, therefore its development is of great importance in the industrial and economic sector of a country or region.

Mining is one of the oldest activities that human beings have carried out and from which a significant number of resources have been obtained, used in various industrial sectors to obtain necessary or essential products for individuals.

In principle, man used mining to find resources with which they could make tools and weapons, in general, used for hunting and other basic daily activities.

Man was continuously carrying out studies on mineral resources that have made it possible to determine their properties and uses.

Likewise, mineral search and extraction techniques were developed, hence there are records and evidence of their uses from ancient civilizations to the present day.

Mining and primary sector

Mining is an economic activity that is part of the primary sector, its development and activity affects the development indices of a country or region.

As a country develops and promotes mining activity, the greater its economic benefit, that is, jobs are created, scientific research is promoted, exports and international trade are encouraged.

Mining can be classified, according to its economic impact, into large mining, medium mining, small mining and even artisanal mining.

However, it should be noted that mining activity is restricted by a series of legal regulations in order to protect the environment and natural resources, as well as the well-being of the people who work in the mines.

Mining can be divided into:

1- Metallic mining: minerals such as copper, gold, aluminum, silver, iron are obtained from metallic mining, among others. These minerals are used in the industrial sector to make various products.

2- Non-metallic mining: refers to obtaining non-metallic minerals such as marble, granite, coal, clay, salt, zinc, quartz, among others. These minerals are used in the industrial sector as raw material for construction.

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