Mechanization - Term Overview

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Mechanization is the act and result of machining. The verb mechanize, meanwhile, refers to using machines to develop a process.

Mechanization, in this framework, implies appealing to a mechanical elaboration. To achieve this, machinery is used that, in general, increase the speed of operations and allow efficiency gains.

What makes mechanization is promoting a replacement of the working animal or human by work done by machines. People, however, must be in charge of scheduling, directing and controlling the operation, which is still necessary in this context.

The origins of mechanization are associated with the invention of the wheel, thousands of years before Christ. The development of pulleys also allowed the first steps towards the mechanization of tasks. What is currently understood by mechanization, however, didn't spread until the middle of the 18th century, when the Industrial Revolution took place in England.

After the Industrial Revolution, handicrafts and animal traction began to be put aside and instead machines began to be adopted for the concretion of production processes and the transfer of goods. This mechanization contributed to increasing wealth and favored economic development.

It's important to note that the idea of ‚Äč‚Äčmechanization is also used to name what happens when a human action acquires the characteristics of an operation carried out by a machine in relation to speed, regularity or precision. A cook, to mention one possibility, can achieve the mechanization of a process if he always repeats the same steps many times in a certain preparation.

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