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Civil Law

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The law is inspired by principles of justice and allows the development of laws that regulate the functioning of a society. Civil, meanwhile, refers to what concerns citizens or cities.

It's known as civil right to one who is responsible for governing the private ties that people establish between them. It's formed by the legal rules that articulate the patrimonial or personal relations between individuals (natural persons or legal persons). The purpose of civil law is to preserve the interests of the subject at a patrimonial and moral level.

This branch of law accepts each human being as a subject of law, regardless of their particular activities. Usually, it's made up of the norms that are part of the civil code.

Civil law includes the right of persons (regulating their legal capacity), family law, property law, the law of obligations and contracts, inheritance law and civil liability rules, for example.

To understand the branch of civil law, it's necessary to know the notion of natural law, which is the grouping of principles, inspired by nature, of what is considered fair or unfair. These rights (inalienable and universal) are specified through positive or effective law.

Positive law, in turn, can be divided into private law and public law. In its broadest sense, civil law is used as a synonym for private law, since it includes the rules related to the State and the capacity of individuals.


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