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The word right comes from the Latin term directum, which means "what is in accordance with the rule. " The law is inspired by postulates of justice and constitutes the normative and institutional order that regulates human behavior in society. The basis of law is social relations, which determine its content and character. In other words, the law is a set of rules that allow resolving conflicts within a society.

When talking about law, it's essential that we establish what are its sources, that is, the ideas and foundations on which it's based in order to develop and establish its basic principles. In this sense, we have to underline that their sources can be determined, in general, in three broad categories:

The real ones, which are what come to establish what is the content of a law in question.

The historical, which are all those old documents that are used to refer to those that have the content of a law.

The formal ones, which are those that are defined as all those actions carried out by different entities (individuals, State, organizations...) to proceed to create what is the law. Within this category we find in turn the jurisprudence, international treaties, custom...

The effective or positive law is formed by the laws, regulations, regulations and resolutions created by the State for the conservation of the social order. These are standards whose compliance is mandatory for all citizens.

The subjective right, however, is the very power of an individual to perform or not a certain behavior. It's the power that man has, in accordance with a legal norm, to develop his own activity against another.

The law is considered to have several characteristics. One of them is bilaterality (an individual other than the one affected is empowered to demand compliance with a rule), which gives it the quality of imperative attribute to the law. It's imperative since it imposes a duty of conduct (such as paying taxes) and attributive for the aforementioned with respect to the power to demand compliance with the imperative.

Other characteristics of the law are its heteronomy (it is self-sufficient; even if the subject doesn't agree with the content of the norm, it must respect it), otherness (legal norms always refer to the relationship of a subject with others) and coercibility ( allows the legitimate use of state force when a citizen doesn't meet their requirements).

In addition to all of the above, it must be determined that the law is usually classified into three main branches:

Social Law Under this denomination all those legal norms are included that have as a clear objective to get citizens to live in a society in coexistence. That's to say, it's about the norms that shape the legal system and that are in favor of that aforementioned society, which means that within this classification is the union or labor law.

Private Law, is the one that determines the legal relations between legal persons without any of them exercising as state authority. An example of this is Civil Law.

Public Law, Regulates the relations between the organs of public power and individuals or private entities. Examples: Procedural Law, Criminal Law...


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