Language - Term Overview

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The language is known historically as the language expressed by the citizens of a population or nation, since ancient times it's considered a private property of each place and, in this way, it becomes something particular to each community. Language is designated as the oral or mimic communication method by which the inhabitants of a given society will communicate and understand each other. If somehow this didn't exist, it would be almost impossible for citizens to exchange ideas, feelings and even some emotions.

What are languages?

Speech is the most common way of expressing language and as we have said before, this isn't based only on verbal expression, as it can also be transmitted through writing and gestural or signed language, the latter being the most used by people with an inability to communicate, as in the case of deaf-mutes.

The particular way in which individuals express themselves can also be considered a definition of language. So, the concept of language can also be based on alphabets, considering that Latin remains in what we know today as the alphabet. Each language can be expressed or vocalized in different ways depending on its geographical location. A clear example of this is the Latin American countries, since most of them speak Spanish and yet each individual gives a different touch to their speech, which produces a distinction between the nationality of each person.

The origin of languages

An analysis of the languages ​​spoken around the world shows that they all originate from a common language that was born in Africa. In advance, genetic studies have proven that the primitive being came from that continent approximately 50,000 years ago and a new study discovered that the first language also emerged from there, later modern languages ​​evolved from that first and only language, such as consequence of the migration of different populations.

How many languages ​​are there in the world?

Over time, people were wondering how many languages ​​there are in the world and to answer this question, researchers carried out certain studies in which they discovered that there are around 7000 languages ​​worldwide. There are too many, right? In addition to the official language of each nation, dialects and the indigenous language must also be taken into account.

Dialects are usually the alterations of languages ​​that are spoken within a region, but that have different pronunciations in each territory. For example, Italian is the language of Italy, but within the nation you can find some dialects such as Marcheggiano, Neapolitan or Sicilian. On the other hand, indigenous languages ​​belong to ancestral languages developed in tribes or communities found in countries of America, Asia, Africa or Oceania. A clear example of this is the Mapuche in Argentina or the Quechua language in Peru.

Likewise, it may happen that by appropriation and by groups of migrants, certain words may be deformed or adapted. For example, the term "chat" is derived from the verb chat in English and denotes chatting or conversing. There is also "googling" and it comes from Google, meaning "explore" or "inquire." The combination of these languages ​​is commonly referred to as Spanglish and is distinguished as the cross between English and Spanish.

What are the most widely spoken languages?

It's well known that the number of languages ​​in the world is unlimited, but among the most universal are English, Spanish, French and Italian. Other languages ​​emerging globally are Mandarin Chinese, Japanese, and German. Today, in addition to teaching the region's own language, institutes and universities implement education with a second language. Even in any part of the world there may be a language center so that people can improve their learning.

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