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How to Build a Resume


A resume is personal, therefore we can't give the "right" solution to how your resume should look. What we can do instead is to offer some general guidelines.

A resume should include the following

- Heading
- Personal data, e.g. name, date of birth and age
- Address and telephone
- Professional qualifications
- Professional experience, e.g. jobs and tasks
- Education
- Language proficiency
- IT skills
- Personal qualifications
- Hobbies
- Personal relationships, e.g. marital status

Making a Chronological Resume

The chronological resume is most often used, and is the resume that most employers are familiar with. The advantage of the chronological resume is that it's structured according to a known structure and therefore it's easy for the reader to get an overview of. Use the chronological resume if you want to be safe.

When you write a chronological resume, you list your data in reverse chronological order - that is, you always mention the newest first.

The resume starts with your personal data - that is, name, address, phone and email, as well as your age or date of birth. You can mention your marital status here, but can also save the information to your final section.

Work experience

Next, you list your professional experience stating the employment period in the year, the name of the company and your job title. During each recruitment, write a few lines on your tasks, responsibilities and key results. In this way, your skills become clearer. You can also, if relevant, mention how many employees you have been in charge of, how much a budget responsibility you have had, and who you have referred to. If you have many employment relationships behind you, and they are some years back in time, consider turning the elders together under the heading "Other recruitments". Leisure and study jobs from the time before you really started working in the labor market, will as a rule not be relevant in the resume.


After "Business experience" you mention your education. Name the education (s) you have taken after primary school, for example. a secondary education as well as your possible higher education. If you have an academic education, you can exclude your student or Hf exam.


Just after your education you mention which courses you have taken in your working life. Y ou can also choose to combine training and courses. You don't need to mention all courses. Assess what is relevant to the specific job so that you target your resume. A first aid course that you have taken 20 years ago will hardly be relevant anymore and should therefore be omitted. If you're looking for a managerial job, you can advantageously focus on courses that have managerial relevance, and if you're looking for another industry, you can choose to emphasize courses that have given you general knowledge.


In conclusion, you tell a little about who you're private. You can mention your hobbies, possible positions of trust, relevant networks, as well as family relationships and marital status. Your hobbies and your privacy help to draw a picture of you as a human being and tell something about what you're passionate about and where you get your energy from. Finally, it may also be that your hobbies give you competences that help you qualify for your next job. For example, you can mention if you're a coach of the local little crew in football or are a member of the school board in your child's school.

Layout, language and form

An inviting layout helps support the content of the resume. Be critical and spend time on "wrapping". Consider among other things font and size, and also check if the text is neatly set up.

You may want to insert a portrait photo into the resume, but do so only if it benefits your ability to come to conversation. The photo must be very similar and suitable for presenting you in a job context. A photo taken in the backlight or showing you on a palm beach doesn't belong in your resume. In the worst case scenario, it can give a prospective employer a negative impression of you and mean that you're chosen from. Conversely, a presentable photo can stand out from the crowd and make the employer remember you.

Making a Competency-Resume

In the competency resume - also called the function-divided resume - you focus on selected competencies that match the requirements of the job advertisement. You compile the competences under headings such as "personnel management" or "communication". The advantage of the competency resume is that you gather your experiences under one competence and thereby focus on this particular one. The disadvantage is that the reader may find it difficult to see in which positions and to what extent you have used your skills.

The competency resume begins just like the chronological resume with your personal data. Then you can consider writing a short summary, in which you describe 4-6 lines "the red thread" in your working life.

Then you select the 4-5 most important competences from your competence profile, which matches the job you're looking for. Describe your experience under each competence. Remember to be brief.

Then list your appointments, education and courses as well as leisure interests, any positions of trust, relevant networks, any family relationships and your marital status, exactly as in the chronological resume.

Example of a competency resume

John Cole
Sanjone 13,
New York - 12p
Tel. (333) 456 177 02

My primary competencies include:

- Practical management experience
- Experience in store sales
- Experience with finance and accounting, invoicing etc.
- Experience with various administrative tasks, preparation and editing of training and teaching material, etc.
- Insight into areas within Human Resource Management

Worked on projects within:
- Occupational Analysis
- Cultural Analysis
- International HRM

Work experience:
1996 - 2000: Manager in restaurant "The Golden Zone"

- Daily management of employees
- Various administrative tasks and ordering
- Daily accounts

1993 - 1996: Shop assistant in "BYK"

- Sale of clothing

- 1998 - 2000: MSc. from New York Business School
- Specialty: Human Resource Management

- 1993 - 1996: B.Sc. from the New York Business School

- 1990 - 1993: Mathematical student from New York University

- Floating English in writing and speech
- Knowledge of Italian

IT Skills:
- Knowledge of IT at user level corresponding to IT license.

Other information:
I'm 26 years old and live with my husband. We have no children. I'm very development-oriented and learning about new challenges. In my spare time, I practice fitness and like to sail in my holidays.

Don't miss the Resume Builders

If you need professional tool that help you to build your resume and choose from good designed templates then you can use a resume builder tool such as:


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