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What is a Medicine

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The term medicine comes from the Latin medic─źna and refers to the science that allows to prevent and cure diseases of the human body. Medicine is also used as a synonym for medicine (from Latin medicamentum ), which is the substance that allows to prevent, relieve or cure diseases or their sequelae.

Medicine, together with pharmacy, nursing and other disciplines, form the group of health sciences, dedicated to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases.

To practice medicine, it's necessary to study to obtain the necessary degree and the corresponding qualification. In this way, the doctor or doctor received is in a position to become a health agent in the health process, establishing a relationship with the passive agent (the patient, who is the sick person or who seeks to take care of their health).

There are numerous specialties within the medicine, according to the part of the body to which they are dedicated, to the types of diseases or other factors that allow to establish the classification. The cardiology, for example, is responsible for the affections of the heart and circulatory apparatus.

In the same way we must not forget other equally significant branches or specialties as would be the case, for example, of neurosurgery. It's the one that has as its object of study and work what is the nervous system, both central and vegetative or peripheral.

Equally important is also ophthalmology, which is the specialty within Medicine that's responsible for carrying out the study of each and every one of the diseases and pathologies that affect what is the eyeball. However, it also focuses on what is the tear or the musculature system that the eyes have.

Rheumatology, on the other hand, is the branch that basically focuses on what is the connective tissue and the musculoskeletal system. In this way, it works by treating the different diseases that affect both areas such as, for example, osteoarthritis, arthritis, sclerosis, vasculitis, low back pain or osteoporosis, among others.

Likewise, we can't ignore the existence of other specialties within Medicine as would be the case of psychiatry, toxicology, urology, sports medicine or forensic medicine. A branch of the latter is the one in charge of examining a corpse to determine the causes of his death although it's true that his professionals also carry out what is the study of a person to establish the origin and severity of his injuries.

The Dermatology is the medical specialty that focuses on the care and skin diseases. The traumatology, meanwhile, is dedicated to traumatic injuries of the spine and extremities that affect the bones, ligaments, joints, muscles and tendons.

There are other specialties that arise according to the patient's age, such as pediatrics (dedicated to children) and geriatrics (focused on the elderly).

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