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Before entering fully into the definition of what the term health means, it's necessary to see where the etymological origin of the aforementioned concept is found. More exactly it should be stressed that it's found in Latin and specifically in the word salus.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health is the condition of every living being who enjoys absolute well-being both physically and mentally and socially. That is, the concept of health not only accounts for the non-occurrence of diseases or conditions, but goes beyond that. In other words, the idea of ​​health can be explained as the degree of efficiency of metabolism and the functions of a living being on a micro ( cellular ) and macro ( social ) scale.

The lifestyle, that is, the type of habits and customs that a person possesses, can be beneficial to health, but it can also damage or influence it negatively. For example, an individual who maintains a balanced diet and performs physical activities on a daily basis is more likely to be in good health. On the contrary, a person who eats and drinks excessively, who rests poorly and who smokes, runs serious risks of suffering preventable diseases.

An example of all this that we have pointed out in the previous paragraph could be the following: Despite his 90 years, Manuel enjoyed an iron health and that throughout his life he has always maintained good eating habits and has led out practice a lot of sport.

In broad terms, health can be recognized and analyzed from two perspectives: that of physical health and that of mental health, although in reality these are two related aspects. To maintain physical health in optimal conditions, it's recommended to exercise regularly and have a balanced and healthy diet, with a variety of nutrients and proteins.

Thus, it's important to emphasize that to enjoy magnificent physical health it's necessary that the person in question has a series of eating and sports habits. Thus, with respect to the first aspect, it should be stressed that the diets that are made must be nutritious and balanced, avoiding as far as possible everything that refers to the intake of alcohol and other drugs, and also to put aside tobacco.

Regarding the practice of sport there are many disciplines that contribute to the individual enjoying a good form. Thus, the practice of swimming, cycling or jogging can be carried out. However, it's true that in recent years the sports disciplines that have experienced the greatest growth are those that not only allow maintaining a good physical form but also a psychic balance. This would be the case, for example, of yoga or pilates.

The mental health, meanwhile, aims to bring together all the emotional and psychological factors which may affect every human being and force him to use his cognitive skills and sensitivity to function within a community and resolve any claims arising under everyday life

It should be noted that health sciences are those that allow obtaining the necessary knowledge to help prevent diseases and develop initiatives that promote the health and well-being of both a particular person and the community in general. The biochemistry, the food science, the medicine and psychology, among others, are sciences of health.

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