Gasoline - Term Overview

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The term gasoline refers to a mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from the distillation of crude oil. Gasoline is used as a fuel in various engines.

The oil is a natural fluid that comes from geological beds. It's made up of various hydrocarbons: compounds that result from the combination of hydrogen and carbon. When oil is subjected to a fractional distillation process, various products are obtained: among them, gasoline.

In countries like Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay, gasoline is known as naphtha, which is actually one of the compounds in gasoline. Similarly, gasoline in Chile is called benzine (another fraction of oil).

Gasoline, naphtha or benzine is used in internal combustion engines. Most cars and motorcycles need gasoline to run their engines - these gasoline vehicles can't run without this fuel.

The octane, octane number or octane number is a scale that refers to the temperature and pressure to which gasoline can be subjected before detonating when compressed in the engine cylinder. The higher the compression ratio, the more efficient the engine. The gasoline with the highest octane, therefore, is the best quality.

There are various issues that the driver of a vehicle can take into account to reduce gas consumption. Checking tire pressure, avoiding sudden acceleration and braking, and driving at no more than 100 kilometers per hour are all actions that help save fuel.

Returning to the etymology of the word gasoline, we must point out that the English-language dictionary published by Oxford cites the North American version since 1863. It's believed that its origin is found in some trademark of oil lamps, such as "Gazeline" and "Cazeline", since its pronunciation is quite close to that of gasoline ".

By 1859, oil production was reaching very high levels in Pennsylvania. At that time, the British writer John Cassell spoke of a "wonderful" product that would soon arrive in London through importation, and that should also carry a "wonderful" name, such as "Cazeline" (which he devised based on in his own last name). Three years later it published the patent for oil lamps under the brand name, and in no time became the main distributor in England and Ireland.

While his business had started strong, the presence of a vendor in Dublin who counterfeited the lamps had a negative impact on him. Faced with Cassell's accusation, the other changed the initial of the false brand and thus "Gazeline" was born. This led to a legal dispute which Cassell won in 1865, which allowed him to continue using his name until 1924. Interestingly, in 1863, a newspaper in Great Britain spoke of "gasolene", and some time later the Americans coined " gasoline ', While it's not known in which country the concept first arose and in which direction it traveled.

Regardless of the word we use to refer to gasoline, the important thing is that combustion engines have existed since the end of the 19th century in Germany, where a fuel was manufactured from coke gas (a predecessor of natural gas, which is achieved by mixing combustible gases). Various technological advances were necessary, both in the design of the carburettors and in the mixtures of chemical products to find safer cars and less volatile gasoline, without neglecting their impact on the environment.

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