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What is Learning

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Learning is understood as the process through which the human being acquires or modifies his abilities, skills, knowledge or behaviors, as a result of direct experience, study, observation, reasoning or instruction. In other words, learning is the process of forming experience and adapting it for future occasions: learning.

It's not easy to talk about learning, since there are various theories and approaches to the fact. What is clear is that human beings and higher animals are endowed with a certain capacity for adapting behavior and solving problems that may be the result of environmental pressures or accidental events, but also of a voluntary process (or not ) of teaching.

Human learning is linked to personal development and occurs in the best way when the subject is motivated, that is, when he wants to learn and strives to do so. For this, he uses his memory, his attention span, his logical or abstract reasoning and various mental tools that psychology studies separately.

As you learn more about the dynamics of learning, on the other hand, you can design better educational strategies and you can make better use of the innate mental abilities of the human being.

Common Types of learning

Pedagogy, as a science of the study of learning, distinguishes between the following types of learning:

Receptive learning

Those dynamic learning in which the learning subject must only understand, understand, the content to be able to later reproduce it, without any kind of personal discovery.

Learning by discovery

Otherwise, it implies that the learning subject doesn't receive the information passively, but rather discovers the concepts and relationships according to his own cognitive scheme.

Repetitive learning

It's based on the repetition of the content to be learned, to fix it in memory. It's known as "caletre" or "learn to the letter".

Significant learning

The one that allows the subject to relate the new content to what he already knows, incorporating it and ordering it to make sense as he learns.

Observational learning

It's based on the observation of the behavior of another, considered a model, and subsequent behavioral repetition.

Latent learning

In this case, new behaviors are acquired that remain hidden (latent) until a stimulus is received to manifest it.

Learning by trial and error

The behavioral learning par excellence, in which an answer to a problem is tested as many times as necessary to vary and find the right one.

Dialogic learning

Held in the dialogue between equals


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