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Learning Theory

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Theories of learning are those that perform the description of a process that allows a person or animals learn something. These theories are intended to understand, anticipate and regulate behavior through the design of strategies that facilitate access to knowledge.

A learning theory seeks the interpretation of learning cases and suggests solutions to problems that may arise in this type of process. It's important to keep in mind that learning theories are varied and can be framed in different streams of thought.

There are many and varied theories of learning that exist, although among the most significant we can underline the following:

- Theory of classical conditioning. This was carried out by the Russian physiologist Pavlov, who won the Nobel Prize in 1904, and is one of the best known that basically exists because he raised it through a case with his dog, whom he taught that every time a bell rang it was time for food. This brought with it that when the animal heard it it already began to salivate because it knew that it was going to feed. Specifically, in this way it became clear that stimuli that occur simultaneously bring similar responses.

- Psychogenetic theory. This other was developed by the well-known Piaget, a reference in the field of education and psychology, which focused on demonstrating through it how the subject is able to build their knowledge based on what is cognitive development.

- Theory of instrumental conditioning. Theory of operant conditioning is also called this, developed by Skinner. This through it came to make clear that the reinforcements that are used are capable of forming a certain behavior and also maintaining it.

- Theory of information processing. This other proposal is based on the fact that it uses similar metaphors and resources to undertake the understanding of how certain problems are solved.

Many learning theories are based on the stimulus / response formula. These theories, which are known as conditioning theories or associative theories, stimulate learning through a system of rewards and punishments. Suppose a man tries to teach his dog to urinate on paper. When the animal complies with this, it delivers a cookie. If he doesn't, he challenges it. According to this theory of learning, the dog will end up incorporating into his behavior the fact of having to pee on the paper knowing that this action will allow him to access a cookie.


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