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Learning Process

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Educational process encompasses various actions that tend to transmit knowledge and values. There are people who are dedicated to teaching and others who receive these teachings, learning from them.

It can be said, therefore, that the teaching process and the learning process are distinguished in the educational process. The latter covers everything related to the reception and assimilation of the transmitted knowledge.

The learning process is individual, although it's carried out in a specific social environment. For the development of this process, the individual implements various cognitive mechanisms that allow him to internalize the new information that's being offered and thus convert it into useful knowledge.

This means that each person will develop a different learning process according to their cognitive ability. This doesn't imply that the possibility of learning is already determined from birth: from physical issues such as food to psychological issues such as stimulation, there are numerous factors that affect the learning capacity of a subject.

For the learning process to be successful, it's not enough for the person in the role of student to memorize what is taught. After becoming aware of the information, you must understand, analyze and judge it to be able to apply the data. If the process is successful, the individual will have acquired knowledge and values ​​that can even modify their behavior.

It's important to highlight that there is no single learning process. Throughout life, we all develop different learning processes: at school, at university, at work, in the family home, etc.

Stages of the learning process

One of the most fascinating aspects of learning is that it takes us from a point where we absolutely ignore the existence of one concept to another in which we can master it and apply it skillfully in various fields. This happens to both people and other animals, and there are four well-defined stages that help us understand what happens in our brain step by step:

1) Unconscious Incompetence

Before learning something new for us, it's normal for us not to be aware of not knowing it, perhaps because we didn't need it until that moment, or because we were not yet in a position to do so. To understand this first stage of the learning process with a daily example, let's think about the first time that a young child is in front of a computer, a mobile phone or any other device; Before his discovery, he didn't feel anguish at not knowing how to use them, since he was not aware of their existence and, much less, of the enjoyment and benefits they could offer him.

2) Conscious Incompetence

In this second stage, we become aware of our lack of knowledge. For this reason, we began to pay attention to the details we previously ignored completely, to try to meet this new need that has been born in us. Continuing with the previous example, the child faces his incompetence in the use of the mentioned devices and decides to overcome it by approaching them.

3) Conscious competition

After a lot of practice, we managed to develop new skills that allow us to develop successfully in this area that we didn't know a short time ago. Along with conscious incompetence, this is one of the two crucial stages of the learning process.

4) Unconscious competition

This is the point at which we have internalized the new knowledge and can use them without being aware of it. Unlike forced learning, typical of the educational system, which consists of memorizing a series of concepts to pass an exam, we reach unconscious competence when we make this information part of us.


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