Design - Term Overview


The word design refers to a sketch, sketch or scheme that is made, either mentally or on a material support, prior to the production of something. The term is also used to refer to the appearance of certain products in terms of their lines, shape and functionality.

For example: "I'm fascinated by the design of the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao", "I'm working on the design of a new device to water the garden", "The Design department has already sent me the prototype: if all goes well, we will start production next month.

The concept of design is often used in the context of the arts, architecture, engineering, and other disciplines. The moment of design implies a mental representation and the subsequent embodiment of said idea in some graphic (visual) format to show how the work to be carried out will be. The design, therefore, can include a drawing or layout that anticipates the characteristics of the work.

When designing, the person takes into account not only aesthetic aspects, but also functional and technical issues. This requires that designers study, research and modeling tasks that allow them to find the best way to develop the object they intend to create.

In this sense, we could not ignore the figure of the designer, the professional who develops these creative functions in various fields. However, it's true that in most cases when we refer to said expert we are talking about one who works in the field of fashion.

In that area what he does is carry out the creation of clothing, jewelry and accessories appropriate to the trends that exist in society at the time or those that he himself imposes. Basically we can establish that there are three main types of fashion design: haute couture, ready-to-wear fashion and the so-called "mass market".

With respect to the first category, we can underline that there are very important figures in it, designers and designers, who have become a reference at a world and historical level. Among them would be found Coco Chanel, Carolina Herrera, Christian Dior, Giorgio Armani, Domenico Dolce & Stefano Gabbana or Gianni Versace.

However, currently among the most admired and followed we should mention Valentino, Jean Paul Gaultier, Yves Saint Laurent, Ralph Lauren, John Galliano, Paco Rabanne or Marc Jacobs.

In addition to fashion, another field that has undergone great evolution and growth in recent years is the well-known interior design thanks to which the rooms of a house or a specific building manage to show a spectacular image thanks to the study that they are carried out taking into account factors such as architecture or environmental psychology.

Finally, it should be noted that the notion of design can also refer to the arrangement of colors or drawings that give distinctive characteristics to an animal, a plant or an object: "I love the design of that bag", " Zebras often fascinate children because of their striped pattern. "

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