Conservation - Term Overview

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Conservation is the action and effect of conserving (maintaining, caring for or saving something, continuing a practice of customs). The term has applications in the field of nature, food and biology, among others.

The environmental conservation or preservation of the species, for example, refers to the protection of animals, plants and the planet in general. This conservation aims to guarantee the subsistence of human beings, fauna and flora, avoiding contamination and the depredation of resources.

The creation of protected areas (such as natural reserves or national parks) is one of the most frequent policies for environmental conservation. In these spaces, human activity is restricted. In addition to governments, there are numerous organizations that work for natural conservation, such as Greenpeace or WWF.

The conservation status is the indicator that reflects the probability that a species continues to exist in the short or long term. It's based on the characteristics of the current population and the trends exhibited over time.

However, we can't ignore the fact that the term that concerns us within what is art is also fundamental. Specifically, it's used to refer to the task in which experts carry out the maintenance of all kinds of works and are in charge of carrying out the necessary restoration tasks.

So that in the future future generations can fully enjoy sculptures or paintings, for example, it's the fundamental objective that the conservation and restoration works that operate, therefore, with everything that are carried out, is carried out. it's the cultural heritage of a country.

To achieve this purpose, the professionals of the sector undertake the analysis of the works of art, the pertinent documentation on them, the care of all of them and of the collections to which they belong, as well as the pertinent treatment that is deemed appropriate to correct cracks. or to remove accumulated dirt, among other functions.

In this sense, we could establish that there are three types of conservation within this scope:

  • Preventive, which, as its name indicates, is the one in charge of undertaking certain actions to avoid in this way that the work in question may suffer further damage.
  • The curative, which is developed to stop the damage that an artistic work is suffering and also to reinforce it.
  • Restoration, which is intended to allow any work to be appreciated and understood in a much better way.

The food preservation, on the other hand, consists of various techniques to prolong life and availability of food for humans or animals. Dehydration, pasteurization, adding salt, smoking, and freezing are some of the most common procedures.

It's known as food preservation as the result of a food handling process that allows it to be preserved in good condition for a long period of time. Thanks to this process, the action of microorganisms that can alter the sanitary conditions of the food is avoided.

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