Botany - Term Overview

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The botany is that part of natural science that aims to study the plant, both under microscopic and molecular aspect, macroscopic and functional. Vegetables are organic and living beings, devoid of nervous sensitivity and crazy mobility; but they enjoy irritability, and resistance to external actions that permanently tend to destroy them. This science is divided into several kingdoms: plantae, fungi, protoctista and monera, which will be explained later.

What is botany?

This science, also known as phytology, belongs to biology, as it studies plants from the point of view of their composition, anatomical characteristics, description, classification, relationship between them and other living beings, adaptation, functions, among other aspects that are necessary to understand about them. To understand what botany is, it's important to know the two types: pure and applied.

  • Pure botany is the study of plants in general and fungi from a biological point of view (composition and morphology). It has three levels: organography (studies the tissues and cells that make up the organs of the plant, algae or fungus); plant histology (study of embryonic or adult tissues present in plants and fungi, which perform certain functions); and plant cytology (studies the structure of cells, importance and complexity).
  • Applied botany studies the relationship of plants, algae and fungi, with respect to the environment that surrounds them, their interaction with other living beings, and the utility that each one has according to its purpose. This could be in forest botany (use of the tree), agricultural (of agricultural or nutritional interest), pharmaceutical (raw materials for medicinal use) or economic (useful for humans).

In addition to these two subdivisions, there is systematic botany, which is responsible for studying plants in order to know their nomenclature, for their identification and subsequent classification, according to their characteristics, uses, morphology and composition.

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