Administration - Term Overview

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Administration is a social science, whose interest is focused on human organizations, as well as the techniques and procedures available for their planning, organization, direction and control of their resources, in order to obtain the greatest possible benefit from them.

There are many possible definitions of management, depending on the perspectives used to study it. In general terms, it's understood as the organizational analysis of social groups, with a specific approach towards a specific objective, with requirements for efficiency and performance ( productivity ).

In this way, the administration pursues four specific objectives:

  • Planning: Understood as the conceptual structuring of the elements of the organization, taking into account the mission to be fulfilled and a vision of the future of the company or organization.
  • Organization: It's about the coordination and synchronization of the parts of the company, to establish their tasks and sequences of carrying them out.
  • Address: The tasks necessary for the management and leadership of the organization, considering tactical, operational or strategicaspects.
  • Control: Understood as the possibility of diagnosing the operation of the organization and providing feedback to the system with that information, to solve its needs and its operation.

Administration history

The term administration comes from the Latin minister, which can be translated as "towards subordination" or "towards control." Therefore, the administration has been present since there has been the need to coordinate the activities of human communities, that is, from the very beginning of life in society.

However, this discipline began to be studied formally after the Industrial Revolution (from the 18th century), when large companies and specialized knowledge about their management emerged, which required professionals in the administration of resources.

The first academic postulates on the Theory of Management are only from the 19th century: the first class of management was taught in a college by Joseph Wharton in 1881.

Since the ancient times of Ancient China (expressed in the Confucius “Rules”) or Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, there were concerns regarding the ideal way to distribute resources and coordinate work efforts, in order to achieve the purpose as efficiently as possible.

Importance of administration

Improvement is a premise of the administration, in the sense that a more efficient method is always sought when implemented. For this reason, this discipline plays a fundamental role in the fulfillment of the objectives, be they the construction of a building, the generation of wealth or simply the organization of society.

Public administration

The public administration is the branch of the administration that is in charge of managing the resources of the State and of all those organizations with legal status that constitute the State patrimony. Thus, it serves as a contact between the citizens, the political power and the state bureaucracy, being regulated by the legislative or executive instances of the public power.

The public administration encompasses all workers in state-owned companies, regardless of their position or position, as well as teaching members of the public education body, the police, the armed forces, public health, the postal service and national parks, among others.

Business Administration

Business administrators are professionals theoretically trained in the work of business management or other similar organizations. This implies understanding the disposition needs of its financial, human and capital resources, as well as the management models (the so-called business architecture ) and leadership.

This is one of the undergraduate degrees in greatest demand today, since the business world represents an important segment of work in society and is one of the most common sources of wealth in the contemporary world.

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