Worker - Term Overview

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The term worker refers to any natural person who provides subordinate services to another institution, or person or company, obtaining remuneration in exchange for their workforce.

The historical stage of modernity began with the Industrial Revolution, which shaped the capitalist social form that comprises the " worker " subject, a concept that continues to this day as we know it.

A sense of the worker already existed in the feudal social form prior to the modern stage, but he didn't give up his workforce for a salary, but was considered a "servant" (of the gleba) who in exchange for protection and housing Precariously, he delivered and worked for his master, his product didn't belong to anyone but the master who could do whatever he wanted with him.

After the industrial revolution, the modern conception of the worker was inaugurated, whose rights are linked to the political conquests of rights subject to international and national norms, and whose contract stipulates a salary remuneration for the fact of having handed over their labor power to the investing capitalist.

Services that aren't provided voluntarily are considered slavery, as are the historical cases of nineteenth-century countries such as Cuba, a sugar producer or Brazil, a coffee producer. This form of work has already been formally abolished by international standards that prohibit it, although they present their limitations and cases of exception to the rule.

The worker can provide services within the scope of an organization under the direction of a natural or legal person, called an entrepreneur, in the case that it's for profit, or institutional or social if it's non-profit. Or in the case that the worker can carry out his functions on his own, autonomous, in this way a contractual relationship isn't maintained but one of commercial exchange.

Worker for Marxism

At this point, Marxist theory is a key to understanding the capitalist movement that drives society today, as well as to understanding from the point of view of historical materialism what role work and worker play in society.

The concept of the worker from this perspective is linked to two concepts, one is that of exploitation and the other that of alienation. The first refers to the time that the worker, that is, the workforce, uses and rewards in producing and generating greater profit, production such that it covers the costs of his own salary and even manages to generate a plus, surplus value, or profit.

This profit is directly linked to the second concept of alienation, this is equivalent to alienation of the product of the labor forces. In other simpler words, it's about how the capitalist exploits and then appropriates the product of the work done by the worker, a product that in turn contains the objectified time of that working subject.

Worker rights

Today there are international laws and treaties, as well as agreements with trade unions, human rights organizations, civil associations, etc. that they are safe from any excessive exploitation that is applied to workers.

Regulations that aim to guarantee workers' rights to their health and performance, such as paid vacations, life and / or accident insurance, medical coverage, limitation of 8 hours a day, tools and protection and safety supplies.

In today's sociological analysis, there is the detection of a process that complements this, called "justiciability", by which it's increasingly common to find that workers and citizens assert their rights by filing charges through the judiciary, which implies an awareness of the acquired rights that are considered basic and inherent to the current human condition.

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