Universality - Term Overview

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Universality is the characteristic of an individual, object or thought, for which it's considered valid and relevant worldwide.

Universality means that a person or element has a global reach, which also allows it to be timeless at times. This, for example, can happen with ideals or thoughts that persist despite their age.

It should be noted that universality isn't contrary to diversity, since the fact that something is recognized or validated worldwide doesn't mean that different cultures and ways of seeing the world cease to exist.

Universality can be applied both to concrete elements, such as a work of art or a technological device of mass use, as well as to abstract ideas, such as capitalism or human rights.

Another point to take into account is that one can speak of universality as that condition of a group of people or objects that share common characteristics. This, normally for statistical study purposes. For example, we can analyze the preferences of the average American consumer. In this case, the universe would consist of individuals with American nationality who make the purchase decision in their family. From this group, a sample is chosen to which a survey will be applied.

The sample, it's worth noting, must meet certain requirements, such as having a minimum size and with the same characteristics, on average, as the universe in question (for example, the same mean age).

Examples of universality

Some examples of universality are:

- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a document with rights that cannot be violated by any nation under any circumstances, in addition to promoting their compliance. This declaration was adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 10, 1948.
- The democracy is a governance model in which decision - making power in economic, political and social matters rests with the population. It uses this power to elect its representatives and form institutions. In democracy, the direction that a certain territory or country takes is established by the social majorities existing among the population that comprises it. Since the last decades, in addition, the leading role of women in the configuration of modern societies and their democracy has achieved universal suffrage.
- The use of money instead of barter, as it's a more efficient system.

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