Personality - Term Overview

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By personality is understood the set of psychic dynamics that are characteristics of the same person, that is, their inner mental organization, which determines the way in which said person will respond to a certain situation.

In other words, personality is a pattern of recurring attitudes, thoughts and feelings, which are more or less stable throughout an individual's life and which allow a certain degree of predictability regarding their way of being.

This term, taken from psychology, is in common use in everyday language, but its origin is found in the Latin term Ā«personĀ», which was the mask used by the actors of the theater of antiquity, when representing characters recognizable.

Thus, initially this word had to do with the roles embodied by the actors, and somehow later it was transferred to other areas of life, becoming "people" only full citizens (and not, for example, citizens). slaves). Eventually the term begat the adjective "personal" and from there came personality.

Today we understand that personality is a series of mental traits that allow it to be distinguished from others, and that they are also more or less true to themselves over time. However, the personality can change, gradually modify based on time and experiences.

Characteristics of personality

Personality is a functional pattern consistent with itself (although not without contradictions), generally consolidated and resistant to change. However, it's capable of operating differently in different situations, since it's internalized psychic forms, which don't depend so much on the outside.

On the other hand, the elements of the personality have to don't only with responses to certain stimuli and situations, but also with lifestyle, beliefs and motivations, and even conceptions of the world.

Personality types

There are many and very diverse forms of personality classification, depending on the psychological or psychoanalytic approach and the specific method used to understand it. To cite an example, the psychoanalyst Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) proposed a classification of 8 personality types, which are:

  • Thinking-introvert: Those personalities who are more interested in ideas than facts, that is, their inner reality than others. They are prone to reflections, abstract thoughts, or theoretical challenges.
  • Sentimental-introvert: Personalities contained in their own emotional world, unlikely to deal with the outside world, but able to do so from the emotional, instead of the reflective of the previous case. They are prone to attachment, but in an intimate and closed circle.
  • Introvert-feeling: Typical of artists and creators, this is the personality most concerned with the subjective experience of being, which can lead them to live in an unreal world, built to their own measure.
  • Intuition-introvert: The typical personality of dreamers, that is, those who are more aware of what will happen, what could happen or what they would like to happen, than with the real present. They are, in their own way, in touch with their unconscious content and can be talented creators.
  • Thinking-extrovert: Those personalities more interested in the facts and the outside, than their internal world, specially as a source of theories and reflections, since it's rationally linked to the world. Their emotions and sensations are, therefore, repressed, and they tend to neglect their socio-affective bonds.
  • Feeling-extroverted: It's the profile of the most empathic, social and adjusted to the community environment, typical of those who like to take care of others or who feel good about protecting others. Their intellectual activity is necessarily framed by what they feel.
  • Feeling-extroverted: It's linked to the real from the sensations it evokes, that is, paying a lot of interest to what the real environment and others make it feel. It's the typical personality of those who live in search of pleasure, and therefore they tend to constantly seek new stimuli.
  • Intuition-extrovert: The personality of the adventurer, who changes perspectives once he achieves the desired goal, but never stops moving. They tend to be charismatic and enthuse others with their ideas, being true to their intuition more than to their feelings and reasoning.

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