Paragraph - Term Overview


The paragraph is the minimum unit of a text composed of one or more sentences that develop an idea. The word paragraph is derived from the late Latin paragraphus.

The paragraph is the fragment of a text and is made up of a set of main and secondary sentences, the latter known as subordinate, related in a logical and coherent way to each other in order to develop a certain topic. Sentences in a paragraph are distinguished by being separated by periods and followed.

In reference to the above, the main sentence deals with the central idea of ​​the text, that is, it presents the most important aspects of the topic that, in turn, will be developed in the secondary sentences that consist of supporting and expanding what is stated in the sentence principal.

In this sense, the importance of the order of ideas that make up each paragraph should be highlighted in order to maintain coherence throughout the text.

That is, between one paragraph and another there must be a connecting thread that connects them without losing the meaning of the information, in this way, the reader can perceive the text as a unit of clear information.

Now, as for the size of the paragraph, there is no limit as such that determines its maximum length, since this varies according to the subject of the text. Therefore, in the same text it's common to find long or short paragraphs, the important thing is its coherence and the meaning of the ideas.

Therefore, a set of paragraphs are those that form a text which can be narrative, descriptive, expository, dialogue, a newspaper article, among others.

On the other hand, the paragraph can be identified with the typographic sign (§), also known as section sign, which indicates the beginning of a paragraph or the internal divisions of a chapter. This sign exists in the Word program so that the writer has knowledge of how many paragraphs he has written.

Also in this program you can adjust the paragraphs of a text using various tools such as alignment, line spacing, indentation, borders, font size, among others.

Paragraph features

Paragraphs are made up of a series of elements and grammar rules that make it easy to identify in texts, among which are:

- Start with a small blank space, called an indentation.
- Start with a capital letter in the first word of the paragraph.
- They are made up of one or more sentences.
- The full stop is used to close the idea of ​​each paragraph and continue with the next.

Types of paragraphs

In the same text you can see different types of paragraphs, among which you can highlight the ones presented below.

Narrative paragraphs

It consists of the narration or exposition of facts in a chronological way. The narrative paragraphs are characteristic of novels, chronicles, stories, journalistic texts, among others.

Argumentative paragraphs

As its name indicates, this is a type of paragraph in which the author or authors express opinions or arguments in order to convince or dissuade the reader about certain ideas or events.

Expository paragraphs

It's characterized by having a wide and detailed narration on certain topics that are being developed.

Explanatory paragraphs

It consists of the clarification of certain points of the text, they are usually at the bottom of the text to which they make annotation or at the end of the book.

Dialog paragraphs

It develops the conversation or dialogue of several characters or speakers. These types of paragraphs are common in novels and short stories.

Enumeration paragraphs

They establish the enumeration or exposition of various events, ideas, concepts, as well as characteristics, steps, among others. Also, they are used to rank information in order of importance.

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