Gymnastics - Term Overview

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Gymnastics is a sports discipline in which systematic sequences of physical exercises are executed where different body abilities are developed , such as strength or elasticity.

Gymnastics is a practice whose origin dates back to thousands of years before Christ, with the Romans. At first, the Romans then practiced gymnastics, such as horseback riding or walking; having as a reference and influence the exercises that the Greeks performed in circuses.

Of these Greek exercises they took the most violent aspects to consequently recreate the combats between gladiators. Later, in the Middle Ages, it was only practiced by jesters, until characters like Luther claimed it.

Today gymnastics has several modalities, and it can be practiced both for pleasure and also for competitive, educational and even therapeutic purposes (the latter specially designed for health treatments ).

Types of gymnastics

Today, gymnastics is professionally governed and organized by the International Gymnastics Federation. In this way, Gymnastics is made up of different disciplines:

- Rhythmic: It's distinguished from the others, because it incorporates elements of dance and ballet. It has consistent background music and accessories such as ball, ribbon, rope, ring, among others, can be used. In a competition they are evaluated in two types of categories, individually or together.
- Acrobatic: It's practiced in groups and in addition to movements or artistic gymnastics, acrobatics including those driving go as a group. Therefore it requires strength, coordination, precision and a lot of confidence.
- Aerobics: Their movements come from aerobics, so the execution of the movement pattern includes variations in intensity. It's more intense.
- On a trampoline: This is executed on trampolines or the like.
- Artistic: It resembles some of the previous ones, as it has choreography and movements that are performed at high speed. It's an Olympic sport.

Advantages of gymnastics

Like all sports, it's highly beneficial for health, but also due to the type of discipline, other skills are developed such as elasticity, speed, improves reaction capacity, improves reflexes, allows more coordination, there is greater body control than in other sports, it helps to strengthen muscles and joints, among many other advantages.

Psychologically it also has certain benefits, it enables self-confidence to work; and if it's in a group, it improves the ability to work in a team or in pairs, it allows to have more and better concentration and attention. Also, in competitive areas, it favors self-improvement, tolerance to frustration, perseverance and a fighting spirit.

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