Essay - Term Overview

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The written text is called an essay, generally by a single author, in which the point of view, opinions or positions of the writer on a certain topic are exposed in an argumentative way.

The essay is frequently used in academic settings, although of the so-called "academic texts" it's the genre that gives the author the most freedom, since it doesn't have as requirements some formalities that other types of texts used in the academic field have as requirements, such as monographs or thesis research.

In the essay, the author - we said - freely exposes his arguments that support a personal position on a certain topic. Therefore, the essay may or may not include bibliographic citations, academic works, journalistic articles, other essays can be cited, include phrases or sayings, offer examples, present proposals, include plans or steps to follow in a project, tell anecdotes, experiences or experiences, etc.

The essay genre can be both academic and literary in nature, which is why it's in this characteristic that its essence of "free genre" resides most notably.

The essays, unlike academic texts such as research theses or monographs, don't require following a scientific research method to be carried out, but they do require a great ability of expression and argumentation on the part of their author.

In general, the essay consists of three parts in its structure. The first is the presentation of the topic, contextualization and presentation of a hypothesis (an assumption made by the author about a certain topic or problem) or personal position on the central topic. In the second part, commonly called development, the author presents arguments through different resources to support his hypothesis or personal position presented at the beginning. These resources can be: comparisons, examples, data, statistics, bibliographic citations, etc.

Finally, in his conclusion, the author will try to reinforce his hypothesis or position issued at the beginning of the writing. As we can see, the entire structure of the essay is then supported by the argumentation around a personal position held by the author. The key lies in the author's ability to present his arguments, thus reinforcing all the time - or at least the duration of the reading - his position, without falling into redundancy and repetition.

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