Description - Term Overview

Home | Blog | Description - Term Overview

Description is the action and effect of describing (representing someone or something through language, defining something giving a general idea, delineating, figuring). The description provides information about someone or something, with varying degrees of detail possible.

For example: "The police have released a detailed description of the appearance of the fugitive so that the public can collaborate with their search", "The chronicler made a wonderful description of the atmosphere that was experienced during the march", "Marcos got angry with Santiago for the little optimistic description he made of the situation ", " Hearing your description of the beach, I feel like I'm standing by the sea. "

It can be said that the description is a representation of something or someone through the word and that it includes an orderly and detailed explanation of different qualities and circumstances.

It's important to bear in mind that any description is inevitably subjective since it's responsible for representing through language (written or oral) partial aspects of how a person observes and interprets reality. The describer's point of view, their needs, and their prior knowledge of the subject matter are some of the many factors that influence the outcome.

If two journalists attend a celebration and then describe their experience, each text may tell a different story, perhaps opposite; the same event that may seem "picturesque and lively" to one may be "chaotic and scandalous" to the other. It should be clarified that this isn't the product of a manipulation of the truth, but rather reveals the differences between the two people.

There are various types of description; in principle, it's possible to distinguish between:

* objective (or denotative ), which consists of the reconstruction of reality without allowing personal issues to interfere, such as taste and opinions. It's the type of description used in texts of a technical and scientific nature, since it simply seeks to inform; * subjective (or connotative ), which adds to the information a personal appreciation, a point of view that makes each description unique and unrepeatable. Unlike the previous type, it uses a subjective language, typical of poetry, to express the impression that the object causes on its observer.

Taking into account this first classification, the descriptions can be grouped according to the language they use:

- Literary: it relies on the resources of the language to enhance the aesthetic aspects of the text, embellishing the information, making it more pleasant for the receiver;
- Scientific: the vocabulary used seeks absolute clarity, the highest degree of precision and objectivity;
- Colloquial: it's about the use of everyday language, terms and resources available to anyone.

Likewise, the described object opens the doors to the following types of description:

- Chronography: it's a description of a time or period in which a certain event takes place;
- Zoography: animals, belonging to any species, are described;
- Hypotypes: a very vivid story to describe an abstract situation, trying to generate in the receiver the sensation of knowing it through an intense use of emotions;
- Topography: used especially for the reconstruction of the characteristics of a landscape, it's a description from a fixed position, a static observation of an object.

With regard to the descriptions of people, what is known by the name of characterization, there are also several types, such as:

- Prosopography: those are counted aspect physicists of an individual;
- Ethiopian: focuses on psychological and moral characteristics;
- Portrait: the combination of prosopography and etopeia;
- Self-portrait: a portrait of yourself.

Read more articles in our blog.
Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn
Back to top

Home | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use

Copyright 2011 - 2020 - All Rights Reserved